Chapter 2 - Prefixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - Prefixes Deck (60):
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a-

Without

Asepsis - without living organisms

1

Ab-

Away from

Abduct - to draw away from a position

2

Ad-

Toward, To

Adduct - to draw toward the body, as a limb

3

Ambi-

Both, Around

Ambidextrous - having ability on both the right and left sides

4

An-

Without

Anencephalic - without a brain

5

Ante-

Before

Antemortem - before death

6

Anti

Against

Antibacterial - preventing the growth of bacteria

7

Apo-

Derived, Seperated

Apobiosis - death of a part of a living organism

8

Aut (o)-

Self

Autoimmune - against an individual's own tissue

9

Bi-

Twice, Double

Biparous - bearing two young

10

Brachy-

Short

Brachyesophagus - abnormally short esophagus

11

Brady

Slow

Bradycardia - abnormally slow heartbeat

12

Circum-

Around

Circumoral - around the mouth

13

Contra-

Against

Contraindicated - not recommended

14

De-

Away from

Demyelination - loss of myelin

15

Dys-

Abnormal; Difficult

Dysfunctional - functioning abnormally

16

Ect (o)-

Outside

Ectopic - occurring outside the normal place, as a pregnancy occurring outside of the uterus

17

End (o)-

Within

Endoabdominal - within the abdomen

18

Epi-

Over

Epicondyle - Projection over or near the condyle

19

Eu-

Well, Good, Normal

Eupepsia - normal digestion

20

Ex-

Out of, Away from

Exhale - breathe out

21

Exo-

External, on the outside

Exogenous - produced outside of the organism

22

Extra-

Without, outside of

Extracorporeal - outside of the body

23

Hemi-

Half

Hemiplegia - paralysis on one side of the body

24

Hyper-

Above normal; Overly

Hyperactive - abnormally restless and inattentive

25

Hypo-

Below normal

Hypoglycemia - low blood sugar

26

Infra-

Positioned beneath

Infrasternal - below the sternum

27

Inter-

Between

Interdental - between the teeth

28

Intra-

Within

Intramuscular - within the substance of the muscles

29

Iso-

Equal, same

Isometric - of the same dimensions

30

Mal-

Bad; Inadequate

Malabsorption - inadequate absorption

31

Meg (a)-

Megal (o)-

Large

Megacephaly - abnormal enlargement of the head

32

Mes (o)-

Middle, Median

Mesoderm - the middle layer of the skin

33

Meta-

After

Metacarpus - bones attached to the carpus

34

Micr (o)-

Small, Microscopic

Microplasia - stunted growth, as in dwarfism

35

Mon (o)-

Single

Monomania - Obsession with a single thought or idea

36

Multi-

Many

Multiarticular - involving many joints

37

Olig (o)-

Few; Little; Scanty

Oligospermia - low sperm count

38

Pan-

All, Entire

Panarthritis - arthritis involving all joints

39

Par (a)-

Beside; Abnormal; Involving two parts

Parakinesia - motor abnormality

40

Peri-

Around, About, Near

Periappendicitis - inflammation of the tissue surrounding the appendix

41

Pluri-

Several, More

Pluriglandular - of several glands

42

Poly-

Many

Polyarteritis - inflammation of the number of arteries

43

Post-

After, Following

Postmortem - after death

44

Pre-

Before

Prenatal - before birth

45

Pro-

Before, Forward

Prodrome - a symptom or group of symptoms that occurs before a disease shows up

46

Quandra-

Quandri-

Four

Quadriplegia - Paralysis of all four limbs

47

Re-

Again, Backward

Reflux - backward flow

48

Retro-

Behind, Backward

Retroversion - a turning backward, as of the uterus

49

Semi-

Half

Semicomatose - Drowsy ad inactive, but not in a full coma

50

Sub-

Less than, Under, Inferior

Subcutaneous - beneath the skin

51

Super-

More than, Above, Superior

Superacute - more acute

52

Supra-

Above, Over

Supramaxillary - above the maxilla

53

Syn-

Together

Symbiosis - mutual interdependence

54

Tachy-

Fast

Tachycardia - rapid heartbeat

55

Trans-

Across, Through

Transocular - across the eye

56

Ultra-

Beyond, Excessive

Ultrasonic - relating to energy waves of higher frequency than sound waves

57

Un-

Not

Unconscious - not conscious

58

Uni-

One

Uniglandular - involving only one gland

59

Ana-

Up

Anaphylactic - exaggerated reaction to an antigen or toxin