Chapter 3 (2) - Body Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 (2) - Body Structure Deck (59):
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abdominal cavity

Body space between the abdominal walls, above the pelvis, and below the diaphragm

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blood system (Old English "blud")

Body system that includes blood and all its component parts.

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Cardiovascular System

Body system tat includes the heart and blood vessels; circulatory system.

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Cell

(Latin "cella", storeroom)

Smallest unit of a living structure.

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Connective Tissue

Fibrous substance that forms the body's supportive framework.

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Cranial Cavity

Space in the head that contains the brain.

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Diaphragm

Muscle that divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities

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Digestive System

Body system that includes all organs of digestion and waste excretion, from the mouth to the anus.

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Dorsal Cavity

main cavity on the back side of the body containing the cranial and spinal cavities.

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Endocrine System

Body system that includes glands which secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions.

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Epithelial Tissue

Tissue that covers or lines the body or its parts.

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Integumentary System

Body system that includes skin, hair, and nails.

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Lymphatic and Immune System

Body system that includes the lymph, glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, and the specific and nonspecific defenses of the immune system.

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Muscle Tissue

Tissue that is able to contract and relax.

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Musculoskeletal System

Body system that includes muscles, bones, and cartilage.

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Nervous System

Body system that includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and controls most body functions by sending and receiving messages.

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Nervous Tissue

Specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages.

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Organ

Group of specialized tissue that performs a specific function.

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Pelvic Cavity

Body space below the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs.

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Reproductive System

Either the male or female body system that controls reproduction.

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Respiratory System

Body system that includes the lungs and airways and performs breathing.

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Sensory System

Body system that includes the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems involved in the reactions of the fives senses.

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Spinal Cavity

Body space that contains the spinal cord.

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System

Any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function.

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Thoracic Cavity

Body space above the abdominal cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.

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Tissue

Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function.

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Urinary System

Body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra and helps maintain homeostasis by removing fluid and dissolved waste.

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Ventral Cavity

Major cavity in the front of the body containing the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities.

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Cell Membrane

Outer covering of the cell. Holds substances inside the cell while helping it maintain its shape. Also regulates substances that are allowed to pass in and out of the cell.

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Nucleus

Central portion of each cell. Contains the Chromosomes, which are the bearer of genes and made of deoxyribonucleic acid.

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Cytoplasm

Substance that contains the material to instruct cells to perform different essential tasks, such as reproduction and movement.

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Anterior

At or toward the front (of the body).

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Deep

Away from the surface (of the body).

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Distal

Away from the point of attachment to the trunk.

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Dorsal

At or toward the back of the body.

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Epigastric Region

Area of the body immediately above the stomach.

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Frontal (Coronal) Plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions.

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Hypochondriac Regions

Left and right regions of the body just below the cartilage of the ribs nd immediately above the abdomen.

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Hypogastric Region

Area of the body just below the umbilical region.

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Inferior

Below another body structure.

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Inguinal (iliac) Regions

Left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone.

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Lateral

To the side.

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Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)

Quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the patient's body. Contains Colon, Ovary, Intestinal Tract

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Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)

Quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the patient's body. Contains stomach, spleen, and parts of the liver, pancreas, and intestinal tract.

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Lumbar Regions

Left and right regions of the body near the abdomen.

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Medial

At or near the middle (of the body).

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Medial (Midsagittal) Plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves.

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Posterior

At or toward the back side (of the body).

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Prone

Lying on the stomach with the face down.

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Proximal

At or near the point of attachment to the trunk.

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Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)

Quadrant on the lower right anterior side of the patient's body. Contains the appendix, parts of the intestines, colon, and ovary.

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Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)

Quadrant on the upper right anterior side of the patient's body. Contains part of the liver, the gallbladder, head of pancreas, and intestinal tract.

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Sagittal (Lateral) Plane

Imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions.

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Superficial

At or near the surface (of the body).

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Superior

Above another body structure.

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Supine

Lying on the spine facing upward.

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Transverse (Cross-sectional) Plane

Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.

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Umbilical Region

Area of the body surrounding the umbilicus.

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Ventral

At or toward the front (of the body).