Chapter 1 - Word Root and Combining Form Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 1 - Word Root and Combining Form > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Word Root and Combining Form Deck (145):
0

Cry(o)

Cold

Cryocautery - destruction of tissue by freezing

1

Crin(o)

Secrete

Crinogenic - causing secretion

Endocrine - gland that secretes internally into systemic circulation

2

Coni (o)

Dust

Coniometer - Device for measuring dust

3

Cine (o)

Movement

Cineradiography - imaging of an organ in motion

4

Chym (o)

Chyme, Semifluid, production of chyme in stomach

Chymopoiesis - present during digestion

5

Chly (o)

Chle, a digestive juice

Chylopoiesis - production of chyle in the intestine

6

Chem (o)

Chemical

Chemolysis - Chemical decomposition

7

Carcin (o)

Cancer

Carcinogen - cancer producing substance

8

Calc (o)
Calci (o)

Calcium

Calcipenia - Calcium deficiency

9

Cac (o)

Bad, ill

Cacomelia - congenital limb deformity

10

Blasto

Immature cells

Glioblastoma - growth consisting of immature neural cells

11

Bio

Life

Biopsy - Sampling of tissue from living patient

12

Basi (o)

Base

13

Bas (o)

Base

Basophilic - having an affinity toward basic dye (said of tissue)

14

Bar (o)

Weight, Pressure

Barostat - Pressure regulating device

15

Bacteri (o)

Bacteria

Bacteriogenic - Caused by bacteria

16

Bacill (i)

Bacilli, Bacteria

Bacilliform - rod shaped bacteria

17

Athero

Plaque, Fatty Substance

Aetheroma - swelling on the surface of an artery from a fatty deposit

18

Andro

Masculine

Androblastoma - testicular tumor

19

Amyl (o)

Starch

Amylophagia - abnormal craving for starch

20

Dips (o)

Thirst

Dipsomania - alcoholism

21

Dextr (o)

Right, Toward the Right

Dextrocardia - displacement of the heart to the right

22

Cyt (o)

Cell

Cytoarchitecture - arrangement of cells in tissue

23

Cyst (o)

Bladder, Cyst, Cystic Duct

Cystoid - bladder shaped

24

Cycl (o)

Circle, Cycle, Ciliary Body

Cyclectomy - removal of a part of a ciliary body

25

Cyan (o)

Blue

Cyanopsia - condition following a cataract operation in which all objects appear blue

26

Crypt (o)

Hidden, Obscure

Cryptogenic - of obscure origin

27

Algo

Pain

Algospasm - pain caused b a spasm

28

Algesi

Pain

29

Aer (o)

Air, Gas

Aerogen - gas producing microorganism

30

Actin (o)

Light

Actinotherapy - UV therapy used in Dermatology

31

Acanth (o)

Spiny, Thorny

Acanthoid - spine shaped

32

Chrono

Time

Chronometry - measurement of time intervals

33

Chrom

Chromat

Chromo

Color

Chromatogenos - producing color

34

Chore (o)

Dance

Choreoathetosis - abnormal body movements

35

Chondrio

Chondro

Cartilage, Grainy, Gritty

Chondrocyte - cartilage cell

36

Chlor (o)

Chlorine, Green

Chloruresis - excretion of chlorine in urine

37

Erythr (o)

Red, Redness

Erythroclasis - fragmentation of red blood cells

38

Ergo

Work

Ergograph - instrument of measuring work of muscular contractions

39

Eosin (o)

Red, Rosy

Eosinophilic - staining readily with certain dyes

40

Electr (o)

Electricity, Electric

Electrocardiogram - graphic recording of hearts electrical currents

41

Echo

Reflected sound

Echocardiogram - ultrasound recording of the heart

42

Dynamo

Force, Energy

Dynamometer - instrument for measuring muscular power

43

Dors (o)

Dorsi

Back

Dorsalgia - upper back pain

44

Esthesio

Sensation, Perception

Esthesiometry - measurement of tactile sensibility

45

Ethmo

Ethmoid Bone

Ethmonasal - relating to the ethmoid and nasal bones

46

Etio

Cause

Etiopathology - study of the cause of an abnormality or disease

47

Fibr (o)

Fiber

Fibroplastic - producing fibrous tissue

48

Fluor (o)

Light; Luminous; Fluorine

Fluorochrome - fluorescent contrast medium

49

Fungi

Fungus

Fungicide - substance that destroys fungi

50

Galact (o)

Milk

Galactophoritis - inflammation of the milk ducts

51

Gen (o)

Producing; Being Born

Genoblast - nucleus of a fertilized ovum

52

Gero

Geront (o)

Old Age

Gerontology - study of the problems of aging

53

Gluco

Glucose

Glucogenic - producing glucose

54

Glyco

Sugars

Glycopenia - sugar deficiency

55

Gonio

Angle

Goniometer - instrument for measuring angles

56

Granulo

Granular

Granuloma - small, granular lesion

57

Gyn (o)

Gyne

Gyneco

Women

Gynopathy - disease peculiar to women

58

Home (o)

Homo

Same; Constant

Homeoplasia - formation of new, similar tissue

59

Hydr (o)

Hydrogen, water

Hydrocephaly - condition characterized by excessive fluid accumulation in the head

60

Hypn (o)

Sleep

Hypnogenesis - induction of sleep

61

Iatr (o)

Physician; Treatment

Iatrogenic - produced or caused by treatment or diagnostic procedure

62

Ichthy (o)

Dry; Scaly; Fish

Ichthyotoxism - poisoning by fish

63

Idio

Distinct; Unknown

Idiopathic - of unknown origin (of said disease)

64

Immun (o)

Safe; Immune

Immunodeficient - lacking in some essential immune function

65

Kal (i)

Potassium

Kalemia - presence of potassium in the blood

66

Karyo

Nucleus

Karyolysis - destruction of a cell nucleus

67

Ket (o)

Keton (o)

Ketone; Acetone

Ketogenesis - metabolic production of ketones

68

Kin (o)

Kine

Movement

Kinesthesia - perception of movement

69

Kinesi (o)

Kineso

Motion

Kinesiology - study of movement

70

Kyph (o)

Humpback

Kyphoscoliosis - kyphosis combined with scoliosis

71

Lact (o)

Lacti

Milk

Lactogen - agent that stimulates milk production

72

Latero

Lateral, to one side

Lateroduction - movement to one side

73

Lepto

Light, Frail, Thin

Leptomeninges - two delicate layers of meninges

74

Leuk (o)

White

Leukoblast - immature white blood cell

75

Lip (o)

Fat

Lipoblast - embryonic fat cell

76

Lith (o)

Stone

Lithotomy - operation for removal of stones

77

Log (o)

Speech, Words, Thought

Logopathy - speech disorder

78

Lys (o)

Dissolution

Lysemia - dissolution of red blood cells

79

Macr (o)

Large; Long

Macromelia - abnormally sized limb

80

Medi (o)

Middle; Medial Plane

Mediolateral - relating to the medial plane and one side of the body

81

Meg (a)

Megal (o)

Large; Million

Megaloencephaly - abnormally large brain

82

Melan (o)

Black; Dark

Melanoderma - abnormal skin darkening

83

Mes (o)

Middle; Median

Mesocephalic - having a medium-sized head

84

Micr (o)

Small; One-millionth; Tiny

Microorganism - tiny organism

85

Mio

Smaller; Less

Miopragia - lessened functional activity

86

Morph (o)

Structure; Shape

Morphology - study of the structure of animals and plants

87

Narco

Sleep; Numbness

Narcolepsy - sleep disorder

88

Necr (o)

Death; Dying

Necrology - study of the cause of death

89

Noct (i)

Night

Nocturia - urination at night

90

Normo

Normal

Normocyte - normal red blood cell

91

Nucle (o)

Nucleus

Nucleotoxin - poison that acts upon a cell nucleus

92

Nyct (o)

Night

Nyctalopia - reduced ability to see at night

93

Oncho

Onco

Tumor

Oncolysis - Destruction of a tumor

94

Orth (o)

Straight; Normal

Orthodontics - dental specialty concerned with correction of tooth placement

95

Oxy

Sharp; Acute; Oxygen

Oxyphonia - shrillness of voice

96

Pachy

Thick

Pachyonychia - abnormal thickening of the nails

97

Path (o)

Disease

Pathogen - disease-causing substance

98

Phago

Eating; Devouring; Swallowing

Phagocyte - cell that ingests bacteria and other particles

99

Pharmaco

Drugs; Medicine

Pharmacology - the science of drugs, including their sources, uses and interactions

100

Phon (o)

Sound; Voice; Speech

Phonometer - instrument for measuring sound

101

Physi

Physio

Physical; Natural

Physiotherapy - physical therapy

102

Phsyo

Air; Gas; Growing

Phsyocele - swelling due to gas

103

Phyt (o)

Plant

Phytoxin - substance from plants that is similar to bacterial toxin

104

Plasma

Formative; Plasma

Plasmapheresis - separation of blood into parts

105

Poikilo

Varied; Irregular

Poikilocyte - irregularly shaped red blood cell

106

Pseud (o)

False

Pseudodiabetes - false positive test for sugar in the urine

107

Pyo

Pus

Pyocyst - cyst filled with pus

108

Pyreto

Fever

Pyretogenous - causing fever

109

Radio

Radiation; x-ray; Radius

Radiography - x-ray examination

110

Salping (o)

Tube

Salpingectomy - removal of the fallopian tube

111

Schisto

Split

Schistocytosis - bladder fissure

112

Schiz (o)

Split; Division

Schizophrenia - a spectrum of mental disorders often with a disorder in perception

113

Scler (o)

Hardness; Hardening

Scleroderma - thickening and hardness of the skin

114

Scolio

Crooked; Bent

Scoliometer - instrument for measuring curves

115

Scoto

Darkness

Scotograph - appliance for helping the blind to write

116

Sidero

Iron

Sideropenia - abnormally low level of iron in the blood

117

Sito

Food; Grain

Sitotoxin - any food poisoning

118

Somat (o)

Body

Somatogenic - originating in the body

119

Somn (o)

Somni

Sleep

Somnambulism - sleepwalking

120

Sono

Sound

Sonomotor - relating to movements caused by sound

121

Spasmo

Spasm

Spasmolytic - agent that relieves spasms

122

Spher (o)

Round; Spherical

Spherocyte - spherical red blood cell

123

Spir (o)

Breath; Breathe

Spiroscope - device for measuring lung capacity

124

Squamo

Scale; Squamous

Squamofrontal - relating to the squamous part of the frontal bone

125

Staphyl (o)

Grapelike clusters

Staphylococus - a common species that is the cause of a variety of infections

126

Steno

Narrowness

Stenocephaly - narrowness of the head

127

Stere (o)

Three-dimensional

Sterology - study of three-dimensional aspects of a cell

128

Strepto

Twisted chains; Streptococci

Streptococcus - a common organism that can cause various infections

129

Styl (o)

Peg-shaped

Styloid - peg-shaped; said of a bony growth

130

Syring (o)

Tube

Syringitis - inflammation of the eustachian tube

131

Tel (o)

Tele (o)

Distant; End; Complete

Telophase - final stages of mitosis or meiosis

132

Terato

Monster (as a malformed fetus)

Teratogen - agent that causes a malformed fetus

133

Therm (o)

Heat

Thermometer - an instrument for measuring temperature

134

Tono

Tension; Pressure

Tonometer - instrument for measuring pressure

135

Top (o)

Place; Topical

Topography - description of a body part in terms of a specific surface area

136

Tox (i)

Toxico

Toxo

Poison; Toxin

Toxipathy - disease due to poisoning

137

Tropho

Food; Nutrition

Trophocyte - Cell that provides nutrition

138

Vivi

Life

Viviparous - giving birth to living young

139

Xanth (o)

Yellow

Xanthoderma - yellowish skin

140

Xeno

Stranger

Xenophobia - extreme fear of strangers or foreigners

141

Xer (o)

Dry

Xerasia - dry and brittle hair condition

142

Xiph (o)

Sword; Xiphoid

Xiphocostal - relating to the xiphoid process and the ribs

143

zo (o)

Life

Zooblast - animal cell

144

Zym (o)

Fermentation; Enzyme

Zymogram - strips of paper for testing for location of enzymes