Chapter 4B Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4B Vocab Deck (30):
1

gestalt

an organized whole. gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of info. into meaninful wholes.

2

figure-ground

the organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground)

3

grouping

the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups

4

depth perception

the ability to see objects in 3D although the images that strike the retina are 2D

allows us to judge distance

5

visual cliff

a laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals.

6

binocular cues

depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes.

7

retinal disparity

a binocular cue for perceiving depth By comparing images from the retinas in the two eyes, the brain computes distance—the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the closer the object.

8

monocular cues

depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone.

9

phi phenomenon

an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession.

10

perceptual constancy

perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change

11

color constancy

perceiving familiar objects as having consistent color, even if changing illumination alters the wavelengths reflected by the object

12

perceptual adaptation

in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.

13

perceptual set

a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another.

14

extrasensory perception

ESP

the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input; includes telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition. 

15

parapsychology

the study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP and psychokinesis

16

an organized whole. gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of info. into meaninful wholes.

gestalt

17

the organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground)

figure-ground

18

the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups

grouping

19

the ability to see objects in 3D although the images that strike the retina are 2D

allows us to judge distance

depth perception

20

a laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals.

visual cliff

21

depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of two eyes.

binocular cues

22

a binocular cue for perceiving depth By comparing images from the retinas in the two eyes, the brain computes distance—the greater the disparity (difference) between the two images, the closer the object.

retinal disparity

23

depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone.

monocular cues

24

an illusion of movement created when two or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession.

phi phenomenon

25

perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change

perceptual constancy

26

perceiving familiar objects as having consistent color, even if changing illumination alters the wavelengths reflected by the object

color constancy

27

in vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially displaced or even inverted visual field.

perceptual adaptation

28

a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another.

perceptual set

29

the controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input; includes telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition. 

extrasensory perception

ESP

30

the study of paranormal phenomena, including ESP and psychokinesis

parapsychology