Chapter 6- Basic Principles of the Constitution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Basic Principles of the Constitution Deck (21):
1

Rule of Law

All UK citizens must keep the law. Entitled to a trial overseen by an independent judiciary

2

A Unitary State

All the power in one place- homogenous state. All parts of the state governed in the same way.

3

Parliamentary government in a constitutional monarchy

Gov ministers politically accountable to Parliament. Legally accountable to the Crown. Monarchs legal powers exercised by Gov Ministers.

4

We used to have a Cabinet Government which means

Executive power rested in government

5

Now we have a Prime Ministerial Government, meaning

The PM is the dominant actors and can bypass cabinet

6

Union state

A state in which there are cultural differences and where, despite a strong centre, different parts of the state are governed in slightly different ways,

7

Civil Liberties

Individual rights and freedoms that ought to be protected from interference by the state

8

Federal constitution

Divides sovereignty between two tiers of government. Shared between national government and regional government. Regional gov. protected by the constitution: cannot be abolished or reformed significantly against its will. Eg. USA

9

Constitutional Monarchy

Political system in which the monarch is the formal head of state but the monarch's legal powers are exercised by the government ministers

10

Parliamentary government

A political system in which government takes place through Parliament and in which the executive and legislative branches are fused

11

Parliamentary Sovereignty

Westminster is supreme law making body- has legislative supremacy

12

Unitary Constitution

One in which sovereignty is located at the centre, central gov can abolish lower tiers. State is all governed in the same way

13

What are the characteristics of Parliamentary Sovereignty?

Parliament can legislate on any subject
Legislation can't be overturned by a higher authority
No parliament can bind its successors

14

What is a prime example of Parliament's right to reform itself

1911 Parliament Act

15

Parliament retains the right to revoke the Scotland Act of what year?

1998

16

Who coined the term 'elective dictatorship' to describe the concentration of power in the executive?

Lord Hailsham

17

How does executive power constrain parliamentary sovereignty?

Parliament can in theory do as it chooses, but ultimately is accountable to the general public

18

What 5 factors constrain parliamentary sovereignty?

EU, HRA, Devolution, Referendums, Executive Power

19

Define Globalisation

The widening and deepening interconnectedness between peoples and societies across the world, economically, socially and culturally.

20

Explain Pooled Sovereignty

The decision making authority of the member states of an international organisation is combined (not a greater a power over them all, each gov part of the decision making authority)

21

Define Popular Sovereignty

Supreme authority resides with the people

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