Clinical exam of the dairy cow Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Clinical exam of the dairy cow Deck (23):
1

Signalment considerations -6

ID, breed, sex, age, use, husbandry

2

Factors to be observed - 6

general demeanour and health, posture, gait, behaviour, faeces, body shape

3

Normal rectal temperature? critical point? persistant fever indicates? subnormal temperatures indicate?

normal = 38.5D or 101.5F
critical point >39.2
perisistant fever 39.5D/103F - chronic inflammation
Subnormal is <38.2D/101F associated with metabolic disease

4

What are low temps associated with? 3

shock, circ collapse, approaching death

5

pulse in coccygeal artery - location, normal?

6-12 inches from base of tail,
normal 60-80bpm

6

Normal resp. rate

15-35/min. abnormal >40

7

What should you look at on LHS? 7

-palpate/ausculate flank
-contour of abdomen
-rumen (3 primary contractions per minute)
-percuss/auscultate for gas-fluid interfaces
-pain tests
-HR (adult 60-80, young calves 70-100)
-auscultate lung fields (3 phases - inspiration, expiration, pause)

8

Things to look for on RHS? 5

-Palpate and auscultate flank
-examine xontour
-percuss and auscultate right wall
-ballot lower right flank
-right chest

9

What should be examined in head region?

Jugular filling
prescapular LNs
Head symmetry, facial paralysis, larynx, trachea
EYES
Muzzle and nostrils
Teeh 0 age
Mouth
Ears
Submandibular LNs

10

Define IBR

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis

11

Define MCF

Malignant Catarrhal Fever

12

Sign of IBR and MCF in the eyes

Red eyes

13

What might cause eyes to be yellow - 2

jaundice or channel island breed

14

How does bracken poisoning affect eyes?

petechiation

15

Ages of tooth eruption

1st permanent incisor = 22mo
2nd = 27 months,
3rd = 37 months
canine = 47 months

16

What do black tarry faeces indicate in adult cattle?

Abomasal ulcer

17

What should be examined in the environment? 4

housing, nutrition, climate and poisons

18

Describe selective inappetence of ketotic cows

eat forage but not concentrate

19

What does rumen fluid show? 4

pH, odour, protoxoa, chloride content

20

Tests for reticular pain = 4

withers grip, pole test, pain ballotment and eric williams test

21

How do you test for intestinal pain?

flank ripple test

22

How to test for pain in abomasum?

deep palpation/ballotment

23

Name superficial LNs in cattle - 5

submandibular, retropharyngeal, prescapular, prefemoral, supramammary

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