Flashcards in Clinical exam of the dairy cow Deck (23)
Signalment considerations -6
ID, breed, sex, age, use, husbandry
Factors to be observed - 6
general demeanour and health, posture, gait, behaviour, faeces, body shape
Normal rectal temperature? critical point? persistant fever indicates? subnormal temperatures indicate?
normal = 38.5D or 101.5F
critical point >39.2
perisistant fever 39.5D/103F - chronic inflammation
Subnormal is <38.2D/101F associated with metabolic disease
What are low temps associated with? 3
shock, circ collapse, approaching death
pulse in coccygeal artery - location, normal?
6-12 inches from base of tail,
Normal resp. rate
15-35/min. abnormal >40
What should you look at on LHS? 7
-contour of abdomen
-rumen (3 primary contractions per minute)
-percuss/auscultate for gas-fluid interfaces
-HR (adult 60-80, young calves 70-100)
-auscultate lung fields (3 phases - inspiration, expiration, pause)
Things to look for on RHS? 5
-Palpate and auscultate flank
-percuss and auscultate right wall
-ballot lower right flank
What should be examined in head region?
Head symmetry, facial paralysis, larynx, trachea
Muzzle and nostrils
Teeh 0 age
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis
Malignant Catarrhal Fever
Sign of IBR and MCF in the eyes
What might cause eyes to be yellow - 2
jaundice or channel island breed
How does bracken poisoning affect eyes?
Ages of tooth eruption
1st permanent incisor = 22mo
2nd = 27 months,
3rd = 37 months
canine = 47 months
What do black tarry faeces indicate in adult cattle?
What should be examined in the environment? 4
housing, nutrition, climate and poisons
Describe selective inappetence of ketotic cows
eat forage but not concentrate
What does rumen fluid show? 4
pH, odour, protoxoa, chloride content
Tests for reticular pain = 4
withers grip, pole test, pain ballotment and eric williams test
How do you test for intestinal pain?
flank ripple test
How to test for pain in abomasum?