PMVPH: Zoonoses control: Companion Animals Flashcards Preview

Principles of Science BVetMed 3 > PMVPH: Zoonoses control: Companion Animals > Flashcards

Flashcards in PMVPH: Zoonoses control: Companion Animals Deck (25):
1

Define colonised host

no CS on host, implies microbes multiplying on host. requires longitudinal sampling to prove

2

List zoonoses in companion animals

- Rabies, Salmonellosis, Brucellosis,
- MRSA, TB
- woms (tape, round)
- pasteurellosis
- toxoplasmosis
- leptospirosis
- psittacosis
- fleas
- cheyletiellosis
- sarcoptic mange (fox mange)
- dermatophytosis (ringworm)

3

What are ESKAPE pathogens?

Clinically relevant multi-drug resistant pathogens:
Enterococcus faecium
S. aureus
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Acinetobacter baumannii (other spp too)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Enterobacter spp

4

Defien MDR

multi-drug resistant

5

Define ESBL

Extended spectrum beta lactamase (E. coli)

6

Describe ABs for MRSA

- broad b-lactam and often also fluoroquinolone resistnatn

7

What is MRSP

veterinary version of MRSA
veterinary nosocomial infxn - canines
highly drug- resistant
normal part of flora but opportunistic pathogen

8

T/F: MRSA transmittied between pets and humans in both directions

True

9

Which zoonosis are small furries prone to?

ringworm

10

How many fish, repltiles and birds are kept as pets in the UK?

> 40 million

11

Name aquatic zoonosis

Mycobacterium marinum (causes skin disease)

12

How serious is reptile-related salmonellosis?

accounts for 3-5% of all salmonellosis cases in USA

13

Where should you refer owners if their pet has a zoonotic infxn?

GP
Department of Health
Public Health England (PHE website)

14

How long can gram + survive on dry surfaces?

many months

15

How long can gram + survive on dry surfaces?

many months

16

How long canP.aruginosa survive on dry surfaces?

5 weeks on dry, 16 months on wet

17

How long can spore forming bacteria survive on dry surfaces?

many months

18

What do staphylococci adhere to?

squames and hair, can survive on dry surfaces > 12 months

19

What is the traffic light isolation protocol?

RED - patient must be isolated unless clinically unstable
AMBER - barrier nurse, await microbiol/virol exam
GREEN - patient can be nursed in wards, no isolation required

20

What must a client sign if visiting their pet with a zoonotic dz?

'Form of Agreement'

21

What are risk factors for MDR?

- age
- concurrent dz and severe illness
- patient transfer
- prolonged hospitalisation
- GIT surgery or transplantation
- exposure to invasive devices
- AM exposure

22

What is the BSAVA PROTECT policy?

Responsible use of veterinary medicines in practice:
P - practice policy
R - reduce prophylaxis
O - other options
T - types of bacteria and drugs
E - employ correct antibacterial
C- cytology and culture
T - treat effectively

23

What are 80% wound S. aureus infxns due to?

due to carrier status

24

Signs of human rabies

lethargy, inappetence, diarrhoea, vomiting, behavioural changes, salivation, focal or unilateral CN involvement

25

How does AMR affect humans?

- in EU 25,000 die from this a year
- estimated cost of 1.5 billion euros
- 5-12.5% people entering hospital develop and infection

Decks in Principles of Science BVetMed 3 Class (110):