Small animal physical exam Flashcards Preview

Principles of Science BVetMed 3 > Small animal physical exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Small animal physical exam Deck (22):
1

How to introduce - 3

Introduce yourself, greet animal, make sure you get name and gender right!

2

PE styles - 3

-Head to tail (easier, less likely to miss things))
-Systems approach (a lot of moving around)
-Emergency presentation

3

Patient observation

Initially from a distance, use eyes/ears

4

Patient contact - 5

Symmetry, shape, size, texture, patient response

5

Normal temperature

37.5-38.5 (100-102F)

6

Normal pulse - dogs and cats

Dog = 60-120 (higher in puppies)
Cat in consult = 180-200

7

Normal resp rate

12-30

8

BCS

Nestle/Purina - 9 point scale (4/5 normal in dog)
Royal Canin - 5 point scale (2.5 normal)

9

Signs of pain in eyes - 4

-Blepharospasm (increased lid closure frequency and tone)
-Enopthalmos (posterior displacement of eyeball within orbit)
-Lacrimation (tear secretion)
-Photophobia (bright light sensitivity

10

Which MM do you look at? 2 How to assess? 3

-Eyes (retropulse eye to do this)
-Gums

-ASSESS: colour, CRT, Hydration (dry, tacky, moist)

11

How are greyhound's MM different?

High haematocrit therefore pink membranes

12

How to assess hydration status 3

Skin turgor, eye position, MM. These allow a percentage estimation.

13

LNs to check (2)

Submandibular (beware of salivary tissue)
Pres-scapular
Popliteal
Others

14

Where do you hear heart?

3-5th ICS

15

How to perform thoracic auscultation?

Noughts and crosses approach, evaluate all lung fields
Compare sides, and dorsal to ventral

16

What do you feel on abdominal palpation - cranially 4, middle 1, caudally 3?

CRANIAL: liver, spleen, (stomach and kidneys)
MIDDLE: intestinal loops
CAUDAL: bladder, prostate, colon

17

What can you assess via rectal examination? 8

Prostate
Uterus
Urethra
Pelvis
Sublumbar LNs
Faeces
Anal sacs
Foreign material

18

Points of an orthopaedic assessment

Joints (pain, swelling, heat, ROM, crepitus)
Bones (pain, swelling, instability)

19

Points of a neurologic assessment

Only if evidence of neurological disease - seizures, ataxia, CN deficits

20

Points of a dermatologic assessment

If evidence of skin abnormalities - hair loss, pruritis, flaking etc

21

How is a PE of cats different?

-Mentation - generally quieter in clinic
-MM - generally paler and harder to assess
-Thyroids - palpatein every cat, pinch thumb and fingers around larynx and move towards thoracic inlet
-Parasternal auscultation important (for cardiac auscultation)
-Palpate kidneys (possible in normal; via ventral one handed- approach)

22

Acronym for emergency assessment

MBS = major body system - cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological

Decks in Principles of Science BVetMed 3 Class (110):