CNS Stimulants Flashcards Preview

Block 3 Pharm > CNS Stimulants > Flashcards

Flashcards in CNS Stimulants Deck (7)
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1

caffeine: mechanism, uses

-antagonist of adenosine receptors
-headache; increased alertness

2

cocaine: mechanism

potent inhibitor of the reuptake of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin

3

amphetamine and amphetamine-like drugs: mechanism, drugs

-releases norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin from neurons
-blocks transmitter uptake into presynaptic terminals (similar to cocaine)
-amphetamine, methylphenidate

4

narcolepsy

amphetamine

5

ADHD

amphetamine, methylphenidate

6

partial agonist of nicotinic receptors

varenicline

7

varenicline: mechanism, effect, side effects

-partial agonist of nicotinic receptors
-reduces the effects of the full agonist, nicotine
-reduces craving and withdrawal
-side effects: nausea, insomnia, headaches, constipation