General and Local Anesthetics: reverse Flashcards Preview

Block 3 Pharm > General and Local Anesthetics: reverse > Flashcards

Flashcards in General and Local Anesthetics: reverse Deck (22)
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1

has a long half-life so it can produce "hang-over" effects after anesthesia has worn off

thiopental

2

general anesthesia that is an antiemetic

propofol

3

general anesthesia that is an anxiolytic

midazolam

4

induction for patients at risk for hypotension

etomidate

5

dissociative anesthesia

ketamine

6

conscious sedation

midazolam

7

significantly more nausea and vomiting than thiopental, increased post-surgical morbidity due to suppression of adrenocortical stress response

etomidate

8

parenterally administered general anesthetic that does not act on GABA receptors (what is it instead?)

ketamine (NMDA antagonist)

9

emergence delirium

ketamine

10

general anesthetic that causes no respiratory depression and is a bronchodilator

ketamine

11

side effects: respiratory depression/respiratory arrest

midazolam

12

maintenance only

desflurane

13

inhalational anesthetic that is not a respiratory irritant

sevoflurane

14

can be metabolized to fluoride ion in the liver --> renal damage

sevoflurane

15

moderate blood:gas coefficient

isoflurane

16

short-acting synthetic ester local anesthetic

procaine

17

long-acting ester local anesthetic

tetracaine

18

applied topically to burns and ulcerated surfaces

benzocaine

19

amide local anesthetics

Let Baby Rest: lidocaine, bupivacaine, ropivacaine

20

ester local anesthetics

Can't Punt The Baby: cocaine, procaine, tetracaine, benzocaine

21

least cardiotoxic amide local anesthetic

ropivacaine

22

most motor-sparing amide local anesthetic

ropivacaine