Cognitive Psychology Chapter V Memory II (209) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cognitive Psychology Chapter V Memory II (209) Deck (18):
1

Endel Tulving (1972) proposed a distinction between two kinds of explicit memory:

- semantic memory (not effected by lesions in the frontal lobe)
- episodic memory (effected by lesions in the frontal lobe)

2

semantic memory:

stores general world knowledge

3

episodic memory:

stores personally experienced events or episodes

4

Implicit memory is also referred to as ...

... nondeclarative memory.

5

Based on neuropsychological research Larry Squire proposed the following taxonomy of the memory system:

- Memory - Declarative - Semantic
- Episodic
- Nondeclarative - Procedural skills
- priming
- Conditioning
- Nonassociative (habituation)

6

According to the PDP (parallel distributed processing) model, the key to knowledge representation lies in the ...

... connections among various nodes, not in individual nodes.

7

A prime is a node that ...

... activates a connected node.

8

In connectionist models, working memory comprises ...

... the activated portion of long-term memory.

9

In connectionst models, priming could occur through ...

... spreading activation that involves parallel activation of multiple nodes.

10

Hypermnesia ...

... is a process to retrieve memories seemingly forgotten.

11

3 types of amnesia:

- retrograde amnesia
- anterograde amnesia (e.g. H. M.)
- infantile amnesia

12

A double dissociation can be found if ...

... a lesion in brain area 1 impaires function A not B and lesion in brain area 2 impaires function B not A.

13

Alzheimer's disease leads to an

atrophy (decrease in size) of the brain.

14

The hippocampus' main function apears to be the ...

... integration and consolidation of separate sensory information as well as spatial orientation and memory.

15

Basal ganglia seem to be the primary structures controlling ...

... procedural memory.

16

If memories are emotionally charged, levels of activation in the ...

... amygdala seem to correspond with recall.

17

Repeated stimulation of particular neural pathways tends to strengthen the likelihood of firing. This is called ...

... long-term potentiation.

18

Korsakoff syndrome results in what kind of amnesia?

anterograde amnesia