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Flashcards in Glossary A Deck (22):
1

accessibility

the degree to which we gain access to the available information

2

ACT

Adaptive Control of Thought. In the ACT model, John Anderson synthesized features of serial information-processing models and of semantic-network models:
procedural knowledge -> represented as production system
declarative knowledge -> propositional networks

3

ACT-R

a model of information processing that integrates a network representation for declarative knowledge and a production-system representation for procedual knowledge

4

agnosia

a severe deficit in the ability to perceive sensory information

5

Alzheimer's disease

disease causing dementia and progressive memory loss

6

amacrine cells

along with horizontal cells, they make single lateral connections between adjacent areas in the middle layer of the retina

7

amnesia

severe loss of explicit memory

8

amygdala

important role in emotion: aggression and anger

9

analogues codes

a form of knowledge representation that preserves perceptual features of what is being represented

10

analysis

breaking down a problem into managable elements

11

anterograde amnesia

the inability to remember events that occur after a traumatic event

12

aphasia

impairment of language functioning caused by brain damage

13

arousal

degree of physiological excitation, responsivity and readiness for action, relative to a baseline

14

artifact categories

groupings that are designed by humans

15

AI

the attempt by humans to construct systems that show intelligence

16

associationism

examines how ideas or events can become associated with one another in the mind to result in a form of learning

17

attention

the active cognitive processing of a limited amount of information from a vast amount of information available through our senses

18

autobiographical memory

refers to memory of an individual's history

19

automatic processes

involve no conscious control

20

automatization

the process by which a procedure changes from being highly conscious to being relatively automatic; also proceduralization

21

availability

the presence of information stored in long-term memory

22

availability heuristic

cognitive shortcut that occurs when we make judgements on the basis of how easily we can access what we think are relevant instances of a phenomenon