Glossary E + F Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Glossary E + F Deck (22):
1

ecological validity

the degree to which particular findings in one environmental context may be considered relevant outside that context

2

elimination by aspects

occurs when we eliminate alternatives by focusing on aspects of each alternative, one at a time (think buying a car)

3

emotional intelligence

ability to perceive and express emotion, understand and reason with emotions

4

encoding

how we transform sensory input to a representation that can be stored

5

encoding specificity

what is recalled depends on what is encoded

6

episodic buffer

a limited-capacity system that is capable of binding information from the subsidary systems and from long-term memory into a unitary episodic representation

7

episodic memory

stores personally experienced episodes

8

ERP

event-related potential: an electrophysiological response to a stimulus

9

exemplars

typical representatives of a category

10

expert systems

programs performing the way an expert does

11

explicit memory

can be consciously recollected

12

feature search

scanning for a particular feature or features

13

feature-integration-theory

explains the relative ease of conducting feature search and the relative difficulty conducting conjunction searches

14

figure-ground

what stands out from the background vs. what recedes into background

15

flashbulb memory

extremly vivid memory

16

flow chart

a model path for reaching a goal / solving a problem

17

fovea

part of the eye, located at the center of the retina

18

frontal lobe

motor processing, higher thought processes e.g. abstract reasoning

19

function morphemes

vs. content morphemes

20

functional fixedness

inability to realize how something can function outside its usual function

21

functional-equivalence hypothesis

belief that although visual imagery and visual perception are not identical, they are functionally equivalent

22

functionalism

seeks to understand what people do, and why they do it