Glossary G + H + I + J Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Glossary G + H + I + J Deck (23):
1

Gestalt approach

based on "the whole differs from the sum of the parts"

2

Gestalt psychology

states that we best understand phenomena when we view them as organized, structured wholes

3

"g"-factor

general ability (in intelligence research)

4

grammar

study of regular patterns in languages

5

habituation

becoming accustomed to a stimulus (paying less and less attention)

6

hindsight bias

looking back on the brake-up, we wonder how we can not have seen the signs / it coming

7

hippocampus

memory formation

8

horizontal cells

and amacrine cells form lateral connections among adjacent areas of the retina in the middle layer

9

hypermnesia

process to retrieve memories that seemed forgotten

10

hypothesis testing

a view of language acquisition, children learn lanugage by forming and testing hypotheses

11

hypothetical constructs

concepts that are not directly measurable but serve as mental models for understanding how psychological phenomena work (e.g. can not be found implemented in the brain)

12

iconic store

very short-paced, discrete visual sensory register

13

ill-structured problems

lack well defined paths to solutions

14

illusory correlation

when we tend to see events as going together because we are predisposed to do so

15

implicit memory

recollection without awareness

16

incubation

putting problems aside for a while

17

inductive reasoning

reasoning from facts to reach conclusions that explain facts

18

infantile amnesia

inability to recall event from early childhood

19

intelligence

capacity to learn from experience, using metacognitive processes to enhance learning, and ability to adapt

20

interference theory

forgetting occurs because recall of certain words interferes with recall of other words

21

introspection

looking inwards at pieces of information passing through consciousness

22

isomorphic

structure is the same, content differs

23

judgement and decision making

used to select from choices or to evaluate opportunities