Cystic Fibrosis DSA Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cystic Fibrosis DSA Deck (43)
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31

CXR COPD

hyperinflation, flat diaphragms, bullae

32

SABAs

albuterol
levalbuterol

33

LABAs

salmeterol
formoterol

34

anticholinergics short acting

ipatroprium bromide

35

anticholinergic long acting

tiotroprium

36

methylxanthines

theophylline

antagonizes adenosine recepors
-increased cAMP, weak bronchodilator, requires close monitoring

37

roflumilast

PDE4 inhibitor
-increase FEV1 by 50 mL and reduce exacerbations in moderate to severe exacerbations of COPD

38

prednisone

systemic corticosteroid

39

corticosteroid in COPD

inhaled - reduced exacerbations

40

COPD immunizations

influenza and pneumococcus

41

lung transplant COPD

survival 5 years

for severe incapacitation

42

COPD exacerbation infections

h flu, streptococcus, moraxella, pseudomonas (hospitalized), rhinovirus, influenza, parainfluenza, RSV

43

50% patients FEV1 at 40%

will survive 5 years