Flashcards in Degenerative Joint Conditions Deck (11)
What factors may lead to the loss of muscle mass in sarcopenia?
Low sex hormones, low IGF-1 , decrease in physical activity, OA and neuronal degeneration
What is camptocormia?
an abnormal, severe and involuntary forward flexion of the thoracolumbar spine, which becomes manifest during standing and walking and subsides in the recumbent (lying) position
How may sarcopenia be prevented?
Exercise, vitamin D depletion (supplements) and HRT
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a disease of synovial joints which is characterised by focal cartilage loss and an accompanying reparative bone response.
How may you diagnose/observe osteoarthritis on a plain radiograph?
Cartilage loss (joint space narrowing) and bone response (presence of osteophytes and sclerosis)
What is pseudogout?
Crystal-associated osteoarthritis (psuedogout) is a calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate (CPPD) disease (an apatite-associated destructive arthritis)
What are Heberden's nodes?
Increased width of the bone in the DISTAL interphalangeal joint, seen in osteoarthritis
What are Bouchard's nodes?
Increased width of the bone in the PROXIMAL interphalangeal joint, seen in osteoarthritis
What is spondylosis?
Spondylosis is a degenerative condition of the discal articulation of the spine
How is osteoporosis classified?
Primary (type 1 = post-menopausal, type 2 = senile, <70 years of age)
Secondary - due to thyrotoxicosis, Cushing's, malignancy etc.
Idiopathic (under age 50)