Flashcards in Soft Tissue Diseases Deck (22)
Name four common musculoskeletal disorders.
Back pain, inflammatory disorders, osteoarthritis and soft tissue disorders
Name four causes of soft tissue pain in the wrist/hand/
- De Quervains tenosynovitis
- Trigger finger
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Dupuytren's contracture
What is De Quervains tenosynovitis?
Inflammation of tendons on the side of the wrist at the base of the thumb. These tendons include the extensor pollicis brevis and the abductor pollicis longus tendons, which extend the joints of the thumb
What is trigger finger?
A defect in a tendon causing a finger to jerk or snap straight when the hand is extended.
What is carpal tunnel syndrome?
Compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel leading to hand of benediction
What conditions is carpal tunnel syndrome associated with?
Hypothyroidism, rheumatoid arthritis, pregnancy, acromegaly, amyloidosis and excessive computer use
What is Dupuytren's contracture?
Where there is fibrosis of the palmar aponeurosis. It is more common in men, heavy drinkers, smokers and diabetics.
Where pain be referred if there is an issue with the neck?
In the lower arm and forearm
Where may pain be referred if there is glenohumeral, subacromial or rotator cuff issues?
Pain in the top of the shoulder
Name four conditions that could cause pain at the elbow
Referred pain from neck, epicondylitis bursitis, articular damage (trauma/osteoarthritis) and tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis)
What may cause rashes and swellings over the extensor surface of the forearm?
Olecranon bursitis or rhueumatoid nodules
Name five causes for pain in the shoulder
Rotator cuff tendonitis
Degenerative arthritis in AC joint
How would rotator cuff tendinitis present?
Painful arc on active and resisted abduction
How would rotator cuff tendinitis be treated?
With physiotherapy and steroid injection
What issues may lead to referred pain at the hip?
Pelvis issues, spinal issues or meralgia paraesthetica (numbness in outer thigh due to injury to lateral cutaneous nerve)
Name three causes for hip pain
Referred pain, articular pain (OA, RA etc.) and peri-articular pain (bursitis and bone disease etc.)
What is a frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)?
It's where there is fibrosis of tissue around the shoulder joint which leads to restriction of movements.
What is tennis elbow?
It's lateral epicondylitis
What is plantar fascitis?
Irritation of the plantar aponeurosis
What is a march fracture?
A fracture of the distal third of one of the metatarsals usually occurring due to recurrent stress
What is a Morton's neuroma?
A benign neuroma of an intermetatarsal plantar nerve, most commonly of the second and third intermetatarsal spaces, which results in the entrapment of the affected nerve