Skin Infections Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Skin Infections Deck (19)
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1

What are common signs of skin infection?

Pustules, temperature, golden crusting, lymphdenopathy and exanthema (wide-spread rash in children)

2

What usually causes viral warts?

HPV (associated with cervical cancer)

3

What causes a fishtanks granuloma?

Mycobacterium marinum

4

What is a fish tank granuloma?

Where mycobacterium marines enters through broken skin when someone is cleaning a fish tank

5

What is impetigo?

Golden crusting of the skin due to staphylococcus

6

What tends to cause impetigo?

Staphylococcus or streptococcus

7

What is erysipelas?

A form of superficial cellulitis that has a rash with a clear demarcated edge due to group A steptococcus

8

What bacteria causes erysipelas?

group A steptococcus bacteria

9

What is exanthem?

An acute inflammatory rash associated with childhood infections

10

What is 'slapped cheeks' caused by?

Parvovirus infection

11

Describe the rash for meningococcal meningitis

Non-blanching (doesn't disappear when glass is put over it)

12

What are the signs/symptoms of kawasaki disease?

Pyrexia, lymphadenopathy, swollen red lips, erythema (redness) of the palms with oedema and desquamation (skin peeling) of the fingertips

13

How may scabies be diagnosed?

Scabies mites present on microscopy

14

What type of rash do viral causes of exanthema cause?

Blanching rashes (disappear with glass)

15

What is pityriasis versicolour?

Presents with brown, scaly macules on the torso which don’t tan in the sun, causing a mottled appearance after sun exposure

16

How does secondary syphillis present?

Presents with erythematous macules on the palms and soles of the feet and treponemal antibodies will be found on blood tests

17

How can you diagnose secondary syphillis?

Treponemal antibodies found on blood tests

18

What is Rickettsia?

Tropical disease transmitted by tic bites

19

What is lyme disease?

Tropical disease due to Borrelia and transmitted by tic bites