Drug Reactions EC Flashcards Preview

Evan's Step 1 Prep Material > Drug Reactions EC > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug Reactions EC Deck (49):
1

Drugs causing Coronary vasospasm

Cocaine
Sumatriptan
Ergot alkaloids

2

Drugs causing Cutaneous flushing

Vancomycin
Adenosine
Niacin
Ca blockers

"VANC"

3

Drugs causing Dilated cardiomyopathy

Doxorubicin
Daunorubicin

4

Drugs causing Torsades de pointes

Class III (sotalol) antiarrhythmics
Class IA (quinidine) antiarrhythmics
Macrolides
Antipsychotics
TCAs

5

Drugs causing Agranulocytosis

Clozapine
Carbamazepine
Colchicine
Propylthiouracil
Methimazole
Dapsone

"Agranulocytosis Could Certainly Cause Pretty Major Damage"

6

Drugs causing Aplastic anemia

Carbamazepine
Methimazole
NSAIDs
Benzene
Chloramphenicol
PTU

"Can't Make New Blood Cells Properly"

7

Drugs causing Direct Coombs-positive hemolytic anemia

Methyldopa
Penicillin

8

Drug causing Gray baby syndrome

Chloramphenicol

9

Drugs causing Hemolysis in G6PD deficiency

Isoniazid
Sulfonamides
Dapsone
Primaquine
Aspirin
Ibuprofen
Nitrofurantoin

"hemolysis IS D PAIN"

10

Drugs causing MegaloBLASTic anemia

Phenytoin
Methotrexate
Sulfa

"having a BLAST with PMS"

11

Drug causing Thrombotic complications

OCP's

12

Drugs causing Cough

ACE inhibitors

13

Drugs causing Pulmonary fibrosis

Bleomycin
Amiodarone
Busulfan
Methotrexate

"Breathing Air Badly from Medications"

14

Drug causing Acute cholestatic hepatitis, jaundice

Erythromycin

15

Drugs causing Focal to massive hepatic necrosis

Halothane
Amanita phalloides (deathcap mushroom)
Valproic acid
ACetaminophen

"liver HAVAc"

16

Drug causing Hepatitis

INH

17

Drugs causing Pseudomembranous colitis

Clindamycin
Ampicillin

18

Drugs causing Adrenocortical insufficiency

Glucocorticoid withdrawal

19

Drugs causing Gynecomastia

Spironolactone
Digitalis
Cimetidine
Alcohol
Ketoconazole

"Some Drugs Create Awkward Knockers"

20

Drugs causing Hot flashes

Tamoxifen
Clomiphene

21

Drugs causing Hyperglycemia

Tacrolimus
Protease inhibitors
Niacin
HCTZ
Beta-blockers
Corticosteroids

"Taking Pills Necessitates Having Blood Checked"

22

Drugs causing Hypothyroidism

Lithium
Amiodarone
Sulfonamides

23

Drugs causing Fat redistrobution

Glucocorticoids
Protease inhibitors

24

Drugs causing Gingival hyperplasia

Phenytoin
Verapamil
Cyclosporine
Nifedipine

25

Drugs causing Gout

Pyrazinamide
Thiazides
Furosemide
Niacin
Cyclosporin

"Painful Tophi and Feet Need Care"

26

Drugs causing Myopathies

Fibrates
Niacin
Colchicine
Hydroxychloroquine
Interferon-alpha
Penicillamine
Statins
Glucocorticoids

"Fish N CHIPS Give you myopathies"

27

Drugs causing Osteoporosis

Corticosteroids
Heparin

28

Drugs causing Photosensitivity

Sulfonamides
Amiodarone
Tetracycline

"SAT for a photo"

29

Drugs causing Rash (Stevens-Johnson syndrome)

Penicillin
Ethosuximide
Carbamazepine
Sulfa drugs
Lamotrigine
Allopurinol
Phenytoin
Phenobarbital

"bad rash after PEC SLAPP"

30

Drugs causing SLE-like syndrome

Sulfa Drugs
Hydralazine
Isoniazid
Procainamide
Phenytoin
Etanercept

"SHIPP-E"

31

Drug causing Teeth discoloration in kids

Tetracyclines

32

Drugs causing Tendonitis, tendon rupture, and cartilage damage

Fluoroquinolones

33

Drugs causing Diabetes insipidus

Lithium
Demeclocycline

34

Drugs causing Fanconi's syndrome

Expired tetracycline

35

Drugs causing Hemorrhagic cystitis

Cyclophosphamide
Ifosfamide

36

Drugs causing Interstitial nephritis

Methicillin
NSAIDS
Furosemide

37

Drugs causing SIADH

Carbamazepine
Cyclophosphamide
SSRIs

"Can't Concentrate Serum Sodium"

38

Drugs causing Cinchonism (flushed, tinnitus, dizziness, impaired hearing/vision, headache, abdominal pain, N/V, diarrhea)

Quinidine (1A anti-arrhythmic)
Quinine (malaria)

39

Drugs causing Parkinson-like syndrome

Antipsychotics
Reserpine
Metoclopramide

"ARM"

40

Drugs causing Seizures

Isoniazid
Bupropion
Imipenem
Tramadol
Enflurane
Metoclopramide

"with seizures, I BITE My tongue"

41

Drugs causing Tardive dyskinesia

Antipsychotics

42

Drugs causing Antimuscarinic

Atropine
TCAs
H1 blockers
Neuroleptics

43

Drugs causing Disulfiram-like reaction

Metronidazole
Cephalosporins
Procarbazine
1st generation sulfonylureas

44

Drugs causing Nephrotoxicity/ototoxicity

Aminoglycosides
Vancomycin
Loop diuretics
Cisplatin

45

P450 inducers

Chronic alcohol
Modafinil
St. John's Wort
Phenytoin
Phenobarbital
Nevirapine
Rifampin
Griseofulvin
Carbamazepine

"Chronic alcoholic Mona Steals Phen-Phen and Never Refuses Greasy Carbs"

46

P450 inhibitors

Macrolides
Amiodarone
Grapefruit juice
Isoniazid
Cimetidine
Ritonavir
Acute alcohol abuse
Ciprofloxacin
Ketoconazole
Sulfonamides
Gemfibrozil
Quinidine

"MAGIC RACKS in GQ"

47

P450 substrates

Antiepileptics
Antidepressants
Antipsychotics
Anesthetics
Theophylline
Warfarin
Statins
OCPs

"Always, Always, Always, Always Think When Starting Others"

48

Drugs causing Pancreatitis

Didanosine
Corticosteroids
Alcohol
Valproic acid
Azathioprine
Diuretics

"Drugs Causing A Violent Abdominal Distress"

49

What are the sulfa drugs?

Probenecid
Furosemide
Acetazolamide
Celecoxib
Thiazides
Sulfonamides
Sulfasalazine
Sulfonylureas

"Popular FACTSSS"

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