ENT - Diseases of the oral cavity and oropharynx Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Specialty Medicine > ENT - Diseases of the oral cavity and oropharynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in ENT - Diseases of the oral cavity and oropharynx Deck (15):
1

what is the most common pathogen associated with tonsillitis?

beta hemolytic group A strep

2

what is med of choice for acute tonsillitis?

PCN

3

what are the diagnostic tests for mono?

- CBC (neutrophils early, leukocytes late)
- smear: atypical lymphocytes
- monospot positive
- heterophil antibody titer over 1:60
- throat culture to rule out coexisting beta hemolytic strep

4

what is the treatment for mono?

prednisone / steroids

5

symptoms of peritonsillar abscess

- marked dysphagia
- pain referred to ear in involved site**
- increased salivation
- fever
- trismus
- deviation of uvula across midline

6

- marked dysphagia
- EAR PAIN
- increased salivation
- fever
- VOICE CHANGES

symptoms of peritonsillar abscess

7

what test distinguishes abscess from cellulitis?

palpation

8

what is the anterior border of the retropharyngeal space?

pharynx and esophagus (buccopharyngeal fascia)

9

what is the posterior border of the retropharyngeal space?

alar layer of deep fascia

10

what is the superior border of the retropharyngeal space?

skull base

11

what is the inferior border of the retropharyngeal space?

superior mediastinum

12

- odynophagia
- dysphagia
- fever
- cervical LA
- torticollis
- nuchal rigidity
- stridor
- noisy breathing

retropharyngeal abscess

13

what si the treatment for retropharyngeal abscess?

- surgery and drainage
- IV hydration, abx, steroids

14

what is the biggest complication of tonsillectomy?

post op bleeding

15

what is the triad indicating adenoidectomy?

- hyponasality
- snoring
- mouth breathing