Epithelial Tissue Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Epithelial Tissue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Epithelial Tissue Deck (37):
1

locations of simple squamous epithelium

lines heart, blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, air sacs of lungs, glomerular (Bowman's) capsule of kidneys, and inner surface of the tympanic membrane (eardrum)

2

simple squamous epithelium forms the epithelial layer of _____, such as the _____

serous membranes; peritoneum

3

function of simple squamous epithelium

filtration, diffusion, osmosis, and secretion in serous membranes

4

simple squamous epithelium is present in the mesothelium in the ____ and the endothelium in _____

peritoneum; arterioles and venules

5

function of simple cuboidal epithelium

secretion and absorption

6

locations of simple cuboidal epithelium

-surface of ovary
-kidney tubules & smaller ducts of many glands
-secreting portion of some glands like the thyroid gland & ducts of some glands like the pancreas
-anterior surface of capsule of lens of the eye
-posterior pigmented epithelium of eye

7

epithelium that can be ciliated or nonciliated

simple columnar epithelium

8

simple columnar epithelium may contain mucus-secreting unicellular glands or _____

goblet cells

9

function of simple columnar epithelium

-absorption
-secretion of mucus, enzymes, or other substances
-ciliated type propels mucus (or reproductive cells) by ciliary action

10

_____ contains cells with microvilli at some locations

nonciliated simple columnar epithelium

11

location of nonciliated simple columnar epithelium

-lines gastrointestinal tract (from stomach to anus)
-lines excretory ducts of many glands
-lines gallbladder

12

location of ciliated simple columnar epithelium

-lines portions of upper respiratory tract
-uterine tubes
-uterus
-some paranasal sinuses
-central canal of spinal cord
-ventricles of the brain

13

function of ciliated simple columnar epithelium

moves mucus and other substances by ciliary action

14

can be keratinized or nonkeratinized

stratified squamous epithelium

15

function of startified squamous epithelium

protects underlying tissues in areas subjected to abrasion

16

locations of nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium

lining of esophagus, mouth, tongue, part of epiglottis, part of pharynx, and vagina

17

location of keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

superficial layer of skin (epidermis)

18

location of stratified cuboidal epithelium

ducts of adult sweat glands and esophageal glands and part of the male urethra (very rare in the body)

19

function of stratified cuboidal epithelium

protection and limited secretion and absorption

20

location of stratified columnar epithelium

-lines part of urethra
-large excretory ducts of some glands such as esophageal glands
-small areas in anal mucous membrane
-part of the conjunctiva of the eye
(very rare in body)

21

function of stratified columnar epithelium

protection and secretion

22

can be ciliated or noncilated

psuedostratified columnar epithelium
(as well as simple columnar epithelium)

23

function of pseudostratified columnar epithelium

secretion, particularly of mucus; propulsion of mucus by ciliary action

24

location of ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium

lines the trachea and most of the upper respiratory tract

25

location of nonciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium

males sperm-carrying ducts, epididymis, larger ducts of many glands, part of male urethra

26

function of transitional epithelium (urothelium)

stretches readily and permits distention of urinary organ by contained urine

27

location of urothelium

lines the ureters, bladder, and part of urethra

28

the basement membrane is made up of the ____ and _____

basal lamina; reticular lamina

29

____ are larger than _____

cilia; microvilli

30

apical domain specializations

microvilli, stereocilia, cilia

31

____ are the lateral domain specializations

intercellular junctions

32

EM is associated with the ____ and light microscopy is associated with the ______

basal lamina; basement membrane

33

simple tubular found in _____ and simple branched tubular found in ______

intestinal glands; stomach (gastric) glands

34

simple branched alveolar found in ______

sebaceous (oil) glands

35

compound tubular found in _____

Brunner's glands of small intestine

36

compound alveolar found in _____

mammary glands

37

compound tubuloalveolar found in _____

salivary glands