Ergogenic Aids - Physiological Aids Flashcards Preview

A-Level PE Anatomy And Physiology > Ergogenic Aids - Physiological Aids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ergogenic Aids - Physiological Aids Deck (14)
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1

Define blood doping

Blood doping is the process of artificially increasing the red blood cell count by infusing blood into the body

2

Define 3 pros of blood doping

1. Increased red blood cell and haemoglobin count
2. Increased O2 carrying capacity of the blood
3. Increased VO2 max

3

Name 3 cons of blood doping

1. Increased blood viscosity
2. Increased risk of blood clots
3. Increased risk of blood viruses

4

Define intermittent hypoxic training (IHT)

High intensity interval training performed in hypoxic conditions either with an exercise mask or in a hypoxic chamber

5

Name 3 pros of intermittent hypoxic training (IHT)

1. Increased glycolytic enzyme activity
2. Increased buffering capacity
3. Delayed OBLA

6

Name 2 cons with intermittent hypoxic training (IHT)

1. Most studies of IHT don’t prove the potential benefits
2. The risks will depend on the volume, intensity and frequency of training

7

Define cooling aids

Cooling aids are a variety of products used to cool the core body temperature before an event, reduce swelling of soft tissue injures and to promote recovery post-event

8

Name 3 pros of using cooling aids

1. Reduces cardio-vascular strain so can continue for longer
2. Reduces swelling of microscopic tears in the muscles that causes DOMS
3. Benefits the removal of lactic acid

9

Name 3 cons of using cooling aids

1. Mask injury so can cause a more serious injury
2. Causes vasoconstriction so reduces blood flow
3. Risk of getting ice burns

10

Define hypoxic conditions

Conditions where the body tissue is deprived of adequate O2

11

Define buffering capacity

Buffering capacity is the bodies ability to resist changes in pH or the effects of lactate on the body

12

Define repeated sprint ability (RSA)

RSA is the ability to recover anaerobically and mentain maximal effort during subsequent sprinting

13

Define exercise mask

A mask work during HIT to stimulate hypoxia

14

Define ‘game ready’ systems

A system that circulates cold water around an injured joint/limb while also keeping intermittent compression

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