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A-Level PE Anatomy And Physiology > Rehabilitation Of Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rehabilitation Of Injuries Deck (56)
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1

Define rehabilitation

A programme designed to enable the athlete to return to sport with full function in the shortest time possible

2

What does rehabilitation involve (4 things)

1. Restoring strength
2. Restoring flexibility
3. Restoring power
4. Restoring endurance

3

Name 3 issues that occur without an effective training plan

1. Prone to re-injury of the area
2. Incapable at performing at pre injury state
3. Predisposed to injury of another body part

4

Name the four stages of a rehabilitation programme

1. Initial
2. Intermediate
3. Advanced
4. Return to sport

5

Describe the initial response section of a rehabilitation programme

Considered to be from the time of injury to the point of almost pain free full ROM

6

Describe the intermediate section of a rehabilitation programme

Resumption of daily activities and some sporting activity mainly skill related. Some fitness work that doesn’t stress the effected area

7

Describe the advanced section of a rehabilitation programme

Resumption of functional activities related to sport

8

Describe the return to sport section of a rehabilitation programme

Return to sport including full participation in training and competition

9

What level of sport is present in the initial phase

Nil

10

What level of sport is present in the Intermediate phase

Isolated skills

11

What level of sport is present in the advanced phase

Commence sport specific agility work, skills, game drills

12

What level of sport is present in the return to sport phase

Full

13

What are the three phases of a soft tissue injury management and their time period

1. Acute inflammatory phase (0-72hrs)
2. Repair phase (3 days - 6 weeks)
3. Remodelling phase (6 weeks - 12 months)

14

State 2 facts about the acute inflammatory phase

1. Characterised by pain, swelling and bruising
2. Treatment is price, gentle message and anti-inflammatory drugs

15

State 2 facts about the repair phase

1. Characterised by reduced pain or swelling but areas may still be bruised
2. Treatment is stretching, massage, heat, cold, contrast therapies, pain, relief

16

State 2 facts about the remodelling phase

1. Characterised by formation of scar tissue and return to previous level of joint/limb function
2. Treatment is stretching, massage, heat, cold, contrast therapies, anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy

17

Define exercise induced muscle damage / delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS)

Pain experienced after intense exercise due to microscopic tears in muscle fibres that cause swelling + pain and peaks 24-72 hours post exercise

18

Define eccentric exercise

Exercise involving eccentric contractions of muscle where it lengthens under tension

19

Name 2 symptoms of DOMS

1. Soreness
2. Stiffness

20

State 2 treatments for DOMS

1. Usually disappears between 5-7 days
2. Relatively small inflammation doesn’t require anti-inflammatory drugs

21

State 2 factors that help reduce DOMS

1. Cool-down
2. Massage
3. Active non weight bearing exercise
4. Hydrotherapy
5. Contract therapy

22

Name the 6 treatments for rehabilitation of injury (S, M, HCCT, AID, P, S)

1. Stretching
2. Massage
3. Heat, cold, contrast therapies
4. Anti inflammatory drugs
5. Physiotherapy
6. Surgery

23

State 2 benefits as a result of stretching

1. Increased flexibility
2. Increases muscle relaxation
3. Decreases muscle soreness
4. Improves circulation

24

What are the 3 types of stretching

1. Dynamic
2. Static
3. Proprioceptive neuromuscular stretching (PNF)

25

When should you not stretch during a rehabilitation programme

During the acute inflammatory phase

26

Define static stretching

Taking a joint past the point of resistance and holding the position for 30 seconds

27

Define dynamic stretching

Use a controlled movement, bounce or swing to take a joint to the limit of its ROM

28

Define proprioceptive neuromuscular stretching (PNF)

Taking joint just past point of resistance + performing an isometric contraction for 30 seconds, relax and repeat 3 times

29

Define analgesia

Analgesia is relief from pain

30

Define cryotherapy

Cryotherapy is the use of extreme cold temperatures in order to treat a range of soft tissue injuries

Decks in A-Level PE Anatomy And Physiology Class (35):