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A-Level PE Anatomy And Physiology > Rehabilitation Of Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rehabilitation Of Injuries Deck (56)
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Define rehabilitation

A programme designed to enable the athlete to return to sport with full function in the shortest time possible


What does rehabilitation involve (4 things)

1. Restoring strength
2. Restoring flexibility
3. Restoring power
4. Restoring endurance


Name 3 issues that occur without an effective training plan

1. Prone to re-injury of the area
2. Incapable at performing at pre injury state
3. Predisposed to injury of another body part


Name the four stages of a rehabilitation programme

1. Initial
2. Intermediate
3. Advanced
4. Return to sport


Describe the initial response section of a rehabilitation programme

Considered to be from the time of injury to the point of almost pain free full ROM


Describe the intermediate section of a rehabilitation programme

Resumption of daily activities and some sporting activity mainly skill related. Some fitness work that doesn’t stress the effected area


Describe the advanced section of a rehabilitation programme

Resumption of functional activities related to sport


Describe the return to sport section of a rehabilitation programme

Return to sport including full participation in training and competition


What level of sport is present in the initial phase



What level of sport is present in the Intermediate phase

Isolated skills


What level of sport is present in the advanced phase

Commence sport specific agility work, skills, game drills


What level of sport is present in the return to sport phase



What are the three phases of a soft tissue injury management and their time period

1. Acute inflammatory phase (0-72hrs)
2. Repair phase (3 days - 6 weeks)
3. Remodelling phase (6 weeks - 12 months)


State 2 facts about the acute inflammatory phase

1. Characterised by pain, swelling and bruising
2. Treatment is price, gentle message and anti-inflammatory drugs


State 2 facts about the repair phase

1. Characterised by reduced pain or swelling but areas may still be bruised
2. Treatment is stretching, massage, heat, cold, contrast therapies, pain, relief


State 2 facts about the remodelling phase

1. Characterised by formation of scar tissue and return to previous level of joint/limb function
2. Treatment is stretching, massage, heat, cold, contrast therapies, anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy


Define exercise induced muscle damage / delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS)

Pain experienced after intense exercise due to microscopic tears in muscle fibres that cause swelling + pain and peaks 24-72 hours post exercise


Define eccentric exercise

Exercise involving eccentric contractions of muscle where it lengthens under tension


Name 2 symptoms of DOMS

1. Soreness
2. Stiffness


State 2 treatments for DOMS

1. Usually disappears between 5-7 days
2. Relatively small inflammation doesn’t require anti-inflammatory drugs


State 2 factors that help reduce DOMS

1. Cool-down
2. Massage
3. Active non weight bearing exercise
4. Hydrotherapy
5. Contract therapy


Name the 6 treatments for rehabilitation of injury (S, M, HCCT, AID, P, S)

1. Stretching
2. Massage
3. Heat, cold, contrast therapies
4. Anti inflammatory drugs
5. Physiotherapy
6. Surgery


State 2 benefits as a result of stretching

1. Increased flexibility
2. Increases muscle relaxation
3. Decreases muscle soreness
4. Improves circulation


What are the 3 types of stretching

1. Dynamic
2. Static
3. Proprioceptive neuromuscular stretching (PNF)


When should you not stretch during a rehabilitation programme

During the acute inflammatory phase


Define static stretching

Taking a joint past the point of resistance and holding the position for 30 seconds


Define dynamic stretching

Use a controlled movement, bounce or swing to take a joint to the limit of its ROM


Define proprioceptive neuromuscular stretching (PNF)

Taking joint just past point of resistance + performing an isometric contraction for 30 seconds, relax and repeat 3 times


Define analgesia

Analgesia is relief from pain


Define cryotherapy

Cryotherapy is the use of extreme cold temperatures in order to treat a range of soft tissue injuries

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