Ergogenic Aids - pharmacological aids Flashcards Preview

A-Level PE Anatomy And Physiology > Ergogenic Aids - pharmacological aids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ergogenic Aids - pharmacological aids Deck (18)
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1

Define what an Ergogenic aid is

An Ergogenic aid is a technique or substance that is used to enhance performance or recovery

2

Define what a pharmacological aid is

A supplement or drug that enhances performance by increasing the levels of hormones naturally produced by the body

3

Define what a physiological aid is

A technique that enhances performance by directly influencing the physiological capacity of a particular body system

4

Define what a nutritional aid is

A supplement, food or drink that is used to enhance performance or recovery

5

Define anabolic steroids

Testosterone derivatives that promote protein synthesis for growth and repair of various tissue through the body

6

Name 3 benefits of anabolic steroids

Increased muscle mass
Train at a higher intensity for longer
Promotes recovery

7

Name 3 negative impacts of anabolic steroids

Cancer and liver damage
Increased levels of LDL in the blood
Increases blood pressure

8

Define EPO

A synthetic version of the hormone secreted by the kidneys that increases the rate of production of red blood cells

9

Name 3 benefits of EPO

Increased red blood cell and haemoglobin count
Increased O2 carrying capacity of the blood
Increased VO2 max

10

Name 3 negatives of EPO

Increased blood viscosity
Decreased blood flow and Q
Decreased natural production of EPO by the kidneys

11

Define HGH

A synthetic version of the hormone secreted from the pituitary gland that increases muscle mass

12

Name 3 benefits of HGH

Increased muscle mass
Increases fat free mass
Stimulates bone, cartilage and muscle growth

13

Name 3 negatives of HGH

Hypertrophy of internal organs
Bone thickening and deformities
Increased risk of diabetes

14

Define VO2 max

The maximum volume of oxygen that can be used by the body in one minute

15

Define OBLA

The exercise intensity where blood lactate concentration reaches 4mmol/l

16

Define lactate threshold

The exercises intensity where blood lactate concentration rises suddenly and dramatically

17

Define blood viscosity

Thickness and stickiness of the blood. A measure of the bloods ability to flow through the vessels

18

Define hypertrophy

The enlargement of an organ or muscle due to the increased size of its cells

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