EXAM #2: ESOPHAGEAL DISORDERS Flashcards
What is an alternate name for heartburn?
What is the definition of odynophagia?
vs. dysphagia that is non-painful difficulty with swallowing
What is Globus hystericus?
Dysphagia that is relieved with swallowing
- Seen in OCD
- Seen in anxiety
What is waterbrash?
Burped up acid into the esophagus causes an abnormal salivary reaction
What is EGD?
What is the best test for visualizing the esophagus?
What is endoscopic US?
Using a swallowed probe to get a US view of the esophagus
- Used to see structures just OUTSIDE of the esophagus
What is esophageal manometry used for?
Note that this often included with pH testing
What is reflux testing?
A pH probe that measures the pH in the distal esophagus
How do patients present with a hiatal hernia?
Complain of a fullness in the epigastrium + heartburn
What is the most common symptom of a esophageal diverticula?
What is the hallmark sign of Achalasia on radiography?
Bird Beak sign
What are the common presenting symptoms with Achalasia?
- Solid food dysphagia
- Weight loss
- Chest pain
- Foul breath
What is the treatment for Achalasia?
Treatment is limited–this is incurable
What can help an esophageal spasm?
NO and smooth muscle dilators