EXAM #3: ACUTE ABDOMEN Flashcards Preview

Gastrointestinal System > EXAM #3: ACUTE ABDOMEN > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM #3: ACUTE ABDOMEN Deck (24):
1

How is the nine quadrant view of the abdominal anatomy organized?

Around the neurovascular supply

2

What type of sensation is associated with the midline of the abdomen?

Visceral

3

What type of sensation is associated with the lateral regions of the abdomen?

Somatic

4

What organs are supplied by the celiac trunk?

Distal esophagus to Ligament of Treitz

5

What organs are supplied by the IMA?

Mid-transverse colon to rectum

6

What artery supplies the organs between the Ligament of Treitz and mid-transverse colon?

SMA

7

What organs are supplied by the celiac plexus?

Distal esophagus to Ligament of Treitz

8

What organs are supplied by the inferior mesenteric plexus?

Mid-transverse colon to rectum

9

What organs are supplied by the superior mesenteric plexus?

Distal esophagus to Ligament of Treitz

10

Are peritoneal signs somatic or visceral?

Somatic

11

For a patient with appendicitis, what is the utility of a WBC count?

- Mild leukocytosis (with a left shift) is common in acute appendicitis
- It is uncommon to have a normal white count in appendicitis, except in early appendicitis

*Note that this is NOT a perfect test

12

How do you manage a patient with acute appendicitis in the ED prior to surgery?

1) Fluids
2) Pain meds
3) NPO

13

What should be high on your differential for a female with RLQ pain?

Ectopic pregnancy

14

What is the normal relationship between the psoas and the appendix?

Appendix just just over the right psoas muscle--> positive psoas sign

15

Why is acute appendicitis pain normally periumbilical initially?

Superior mesenteric plexus visceral pain

16

How would you describe a patient that is thrashing on the bed with abdominal pain?

Colic--> indicates obstruction

17

What is a sign that a child is doing well with medical GI complaint in the ED?

Tolerating PO fluids

18

What is the hallmark of ischemic colitis?

Pain out of proportion to exam

19

What do most patients who develop ischemic colitis have?

Underlying vascular disease

20

What is a classic symptom with ischemic colitis?

Pain worsened by eating

21

How do you treat ischemic colitis?

1) Bowel rest
2) Analgesia
3) Fluids
4) NPO

22

Why is BUN elevated in excess of creatinine in SBO?

Dehydration

23

Why would you NOT give Ketorlac in SBO?

Decreases renal perfusion

24

What is the treatment for a SBO?

1) Fluids- LR
2) Analgesia (morphine)
3) Antiemetic--prochloperazine
4) NG tube
5) Admit to surgery