Exam 3 - Chapter 13: Male repro system (by definition) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 - Chapter 13: Male repro system (by definition) Deck (72)
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1
Q

small tubes that twist and coil in the testes, produce sperm

A

seminiferous tubules

2
Q

tightly coiled tube that lays over the top of each testicle; the first duct that sperm passes through

A

epididymis

3
Q

sometimes called the semical duct, the structure formed by the epididymis, it wraps around the bladder and passes through the prostate

A

vas deferns

4
Q

the reservoir for semen at the back of the bladder; connects to the ejaculatory duct

A

seminal vesicle

5
Q

the place of the union between the vas deferens and the seminal vesicle

A

ejaculatory duct

6
Q

the triple lobed organ fused to the base of the bladder; secretes an alkaline substance that helps protect the sperm in the relatively acidic environment of the vagina

A

prostate gland

7
Q

two pea shaped glands located just below the prostate and connected by a small duct to the urethra; also provide alkaline fluid to protect sperm viability

A

Cowper glands (bourethral glands)

8
Q

the enlarged tip of the penis

A

glans penis

9
Q

the urethral orifice that opens at the end of the penis

A

meatus

10
Q

foreskin

A

prepuce

11
Q

combining form of “male”

A

andr/o

12
Q

pertaining to maleness

A

androgenic

13
Q

combining form of “glans penis”

A

balan/o

14
Q

surgical repair of the glans penis

A

balanoplasty

15
Q

combining form of “hidden”

A

crypt/o

16
Q

condition of hidden, undescended testicles

A

cryptorchidism

17
Q

combining form of “epididymis”

A

epididym/o

18
Q

combining form of “genitalia”

A

genit/o

19
Q

combining form of “gonads”

A

gonad/o

20
Q

combining form of “scanty” or “few”

A

olig/o

21
Q

the scanty production of sperm

A

oligospermia

22
Q

(1 of 4) combining form of “testis”

A

orch/o

23
Q

(2 of 4) combining form of “testis”

A

orchi/o

24
Q

(3 of 4) combining form of “testis”

A

orchid/o

25
Q

(4 of 4) combining form of “testis”

A

test/o

26
Q

combining form of “perineum”

A

perine/o

27
Q

combining form of “prostate”

A

prostat/o

28
Q

(1 of 2) combining form of “sperm cells”

A

spermat/o

29
Q

(2 of 2) combining form of “sperm cells”

A

sperm/o

30
Q

combining form of “dilated vein”

A

varic/o

31
Q

the swelling of a dilated vein

A

varicocele

32
Q

combining form of “vessel” but also specifically “vas deferens”

A

vas/o

33
Q

literally, the cutting of the vas deferens

A

vasectomy

34
Q

combining form of “seminal vesicle”

A

vesicul/o

35
Q

inflammation of the seminal vesicle

A

vesiculitis

36
Q

suffix for “killing”

A

_cide

37
Q

suffix for “producing” or “origin”

A

_genesis

38
Q

suffix for “condition”

A

_ism

39
Q

to be without testes

A

anorchism

40
Q

suffix for “slit” or “fissure”

A

_spadias

41
Q

a fissure under the penis where the urethra opens on the underside of the penis rather than the top

A

hypospadias

42
Q

prefix for “above”

A

epi-

43
Q

specialization of medicine concerned with male reproductive organs and the urinary systems of both males and females

A

urology

44
Q

a bacterial STD involving the mucous membrane of the genitourinary tract and sometimes the rectum. Symptoms include painful urination, white discharge, and women are often asymptomatic.

A

gonorrhea

45
Q

bacterial STD infection that is sometimes called the “silent” disease due to its tendency to go unnoticed and asymptomatic. If left untreated, the disease can affect reproductive structures and lead to sterility. The disease commonly remains untreated, especially in women, until reproductive damage has occurred

A

Chlamydia

46
Q

a very serious bacterial STD infection that, if left untreated, can become a systemic disease. Characterized by three distinct phases. Symptoms include chancres, blindness, mental disorders, and death.

A

syphilis

47
Q

a viral STD infection that causes red, blisterlike lesions on the genital area that closely resemble fever blisters or cold sores. While the content of these blisters is infectious, the disease shows viral shedding, meaning that it’s infectious even when blisters aren’t present

A

genital herpres

48
Q

the tendency of an STD or other infectious disease to be contagious even without the presence of blisters or sores

A

viral shedding

49
Q

another name for genital warts

A

condylomata

50
Q

STD caused by a protozoan that affects both males and females, though symptoms are more common in males. Symptoms include painful urination among a host of other unpleasant discharges from mucous membranes

A

Trichomoniasis

51
Q

a common aging condition in males where the prostate enlarges over time and obstructs the flow of normal urine

A

Benign prostate hyperplasia

52
Q

bladder infection

A

cystitis

53
Q

form of radiation oncology where radioactive seeds are placed in the malignant tissue

A

brachytherapy

54
Q

form of radiation oncology where high energy external beams are directed at the region of malignant tissue

A

external beam radiation

55
Q

swelling and development of the breasts in males, female breasts specifically

A

gynecomastia

56
Q

inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis, caused by bacteria or fungi

A

balanitis

57
Q

decreased or lack of hormones normally produced by the gonads

A

hypogonadism

58
Q

congenital abnormality where the urethra opens at the underside of the penis rather than the tip

A

hypospadias

59
Q

stenosis or narrowing of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis

A

phimosis

60
Q

prolonged and often painful erections that occur without sexual stimulation

A

priapism

61
Q

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate

A

prostatitis

62
Q

absence of one or more of the testes

A

anorchism

63
Q

inflammation of the epididymis

A

epididymitis

64
Q

swelling of the sac surrounding the testes that is typically harmless

A

hydrocele

65
Q

painful swelling of one or both testes, commonly associated with mumps that develop after puberty

A

orchitis

66
Q

abnormal fluid-filled sac that develops in the epididymis and may or may not contain sperm

A

spermatocele

67
Q

new tissue growth that appears on one or both testes and may be malignant or benign

A

testicular mass

68
Q

swelling and distention of the veins of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose veins

A

varicocele

69
Q

removal of one or more of the testicles

A

orchiectomy

70
Q

surgical fixation of the testes in the scrotum

A

orchiopexy

71
Q

reconstruction of the urethra to relieve narrowing

A

urethroplasty

72
Q

blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostate cancer, sometimes called a tumor marker test

A

prostate-specific antigen