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Flashcards in Exercise Deck (12):
1

Cognition [n]

cog‧ni‧tion

/ kɒɡ'nɪʃən /

 

  

- The process of knowing, understanding, and learning something SYN thought :  

>>the regions of the brain that are responsible for memory and cognition 

+ Nhận thức  

2

Counteract [v]

coun‧ter‧act

/ kaʊntər'ækt /

 

  

- To reduce or prevent the bad effect of something, by doing something that has the opposite effect :  

>>They gave him drugs to counteract his withdrawal symptoms. 

— counteraction  / -ækʃən /  

+ Trống lại, kháng lại

3

Dementia [n]

de‧men‧tia

/ dɪmenʃə / 

 

- An illness that affects the brain and memory, and makes you gradually lose the ability to think and behave normally 

+ Chứng mất trí

4

Deteriorate [v]

de‧te‧ri‧o‧rate

/ dɪ'tɪəriəreɪt / 

 

- To become worse :  

Ethel’s health has deteriorated. 

— deterioration  / dɪtɪərɪ'reɪʃən / 

+ Xa đoạ, làm giảm giá trị, làm xấu đi

5

Diagnose [v]

di‧ag‧nose

/ 'daɪəɡnəʊz / 

 

- To find out what illness someone has, or what the cause of a fault is, after doing tests, examinations etc 

diagnose somebody as (having) something 

>>Joe struggled in school before he was diagnosed as dyslexic. 

diagnose something as something 

>>The illness was diagnosed as mumps. 

diagnose somebody with something 

>>She was diagnosed with breast cancer. 
 

+ Chuẩn đoán  

6

Disorder [n]

dis‧or‧der

/ dɪs'ɔdər / 

 

 

- A mental or physical illness which prevents part of your body from working properly 

>>He suffers from a rare disorder of the liver. 

+ Rối loạn

7

Impair [v]

im‧pair

/ ɪm'peə / 

 

- To damage something or make it not as good as it should be:  

>>The illness had impaired his ability to think and concentrate. 

+ Làm suy yếu, làm sút kém

8

Regulate [v]

reg‧u‧late

 / 'reɡjʊleɪt /

 

1. To control an activity or process, especially by rules :  

>>strict rules regulating the use of chemicals in food 

2. To make a machine or your body work at a particular speed, temperature etc :  

>>People sweat to regulate their body heat. 
 

+ Điều chỉnh

  

9

Rodent [n]

ro‧dent

 / 'rəʊdənt /

 

  

- Any small animal of the type that has long sharp front teeth, such as a rat or a rabbit 

+ Loại gặm nhấm

10

Spatial [adj]

spa‧tial  

/ 'speɪʃəl /

 

  

- Relating to the position, size, shape etc of things 

— spatially   adverb 

+ (Thuộc) không gian

11

Stimulate [v]

stim‧u‧late

/ 'stɪmjʊleɪt /

 

 

1. To encourage or help an activity to begin or develop further OPP suppress 

stimulate growth/demand/the economy etc 

>>the President’s plan to stimulate economic growth 

2 to encourage someone by making them excited about and interested in something :  

stimulate somebody to do something 

>>An inspiring teacher can stimulate students to succeed. 

— stimulative  / -leɪtɪv /   adjective 

— stimulation  / stɪmjʊ'leɪʃ ə n /   noun
 

+ Kích thích, kích động, khuyến khích

  

12

Stave off [pv]

/ steɪv /

 

 

 

- To keep someone or something from reaching you or affecting you for a period of time :  

>>She brought some fruit on the journey to stave off hunger . 
 

+ Ngăn chặn, phòng ngừa