Origins Of Writing Flashcards Preview

IELTS Words > Origins Of Writing > Flashcards

Flashcards in Origins Of Writing Deck (12):
1

Attribute [v,n]

at‧tri‧bute

 / ə'trɪbjut / 

+ Thuộc tính [n]

+ Cho là, quy cho [v]

2

Carve  [v]

/ kɑ:v /

 

 

 

 

- To make an object or pattern by cutting a piece of wood or stone  →  carving 

carve something out of/from something 

>>a statue carved from a single block of marble 

+ Cắt, khắc, trạm, đục

3

Civilization [n]

civ‧i‧li‧za‧tion

/ sɪvəlaɪ'zeɪʃən / 

 

- A society that is well organized and developed, used especially about a particular society in a particular place or at a particular time  →  civilized :  

>>modern American civilization 

civilization of 

>>the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome 

+ Nền văn minh

4

Deed  [n]

/ di:d /

 

 

 

 

1. Something someone does, especially something that is very good or very bad :  

>>After the morning’s  good deeds he deserved a rest. 

>>She tried to strangle her baby and her lover helped her finish the evil deed . 

2. An official paper that is a record of an agreement, especially an agreement concerning who owns property

+ Văn bản, chứng thư

5

Encompass [v]

en‧com‧pass

/ ɪn'kʌmpəs /

 

1. To include a wide range of ideas, subjects, etc :  

>>The study encompasses the social, political, and economic aspects of the situation. 

2. To completely cover or surround something :  

>>The houses encompassed about 100 square metres. 
 

+ Vây quanh, bao quanh, chứa đựng

+ Hoàn thành, hoàn thiện

6

Excavate [v]

ex‧ca‧vate  

/ 'ekskəveɪt /

 

 

1. If a scientist or archaeologist excavates an area of land, they dig carefully to find ancient objects, bones etc :  

>>Schliemann excavated the ancient city of Troy. 

2. To make a hole in the ground by digging up soil etc 

— excavation  / ekskəveɪʃ ə n /   noun  [ uncountable and countable ] 

+ Đào, khai quật

7

Inscribe [v]

in‧scribe  

/ ɪn'skraɪb /

 

  

- To carefully cut, print, or write words on something, especially on the surface of a stone or coin → engrave :  

be inscribed in/on something 

>>The team’s name is inscribed on the base of the trophy. 

be inscribed with something 

>>The tomb was inscribed with a short poem. 

+ Viết, khắc chữ

8

Literacy [n]

lit‧e‧ra‧cy

/ 'lɪtərəsi / 

 

 

- The state of being able to read and write OPP illiteracy → numeracy:  

>>a new adult literacy campaign  

+ Sự biết viết, sự biết đọc

  

9

Mythology [n]

my‧thol‧o‧gy

/ mɪ'θɒlədʒi / 

 

1. Set of ancient myths :  

mythology of 

>>The mythology of the Persians 

2. Ideas or opinions that many people have, but that are wrong or not true :  

>>According to popular mythology, school days are the best days of your life. 

+ Thần thoại

 

— mythological  / mɪθəlɒdʒɪk ə l◂  $  -lɑ- /   adjective :  

The walls are painted with mythological scenes. 
 

  

10

Settle [v]

set‧tle

/ 'setl /

 

 

 

 

1. To end an argument or solve a disagreement 

settle a dispute/lawsuit/conflict/argument etc 

>>Rodman met with Kreeger to try and settle the dispute over his contract. 

settle with 

>>She finally settled with her former employers for an undisclosed sum. 

2. To decide what you are going to do, especially so that you can make definite arrangements :  

>>It’s settled  then. I’ll go back to the States in June. 

+ Giải quyết, dàn xếp, hoà giải

11

Specialized [adj]

spe‧cial‧ized

/ 'speʃəlaɪzd /

 

 

- Trained, designed, or developed for a particular purpose, type of work, place etc :  

>>Specialized training for specific jobs 

>>the highly specialized plants that live in desert areas 
 

  

12

Token [n]

to‧ken

/ təʊkən /

 

 

1. A round piece of metal that you use instead of money in some machines 

2. Something that represents a feeling, fact, event etc 

a token of your gratitude/respect/appreciation etc 

>>Please accept this gift as a small token of our appreciation. 

+ Dấu hiệu, vật kỷ niệm

+ Phiếu, thẻ đổi hàng