/ tʃʌŋk /
- A large thick piece of something that does not have an even shape :
>>a chunk of bread
/ 'kru:ʃəl /
- Something that is crucial is extremely important, because everything else depends on it SYN vital
>>This aid money is crucial to the government’s economic policies.
crucial in/to doing something
>>The work of monks was crucial in spreading Christianity.
* Crucially adverb
/ dɪ'lɪbərət /
1. Intended or planned OPP unintentional SYN intentional :
>>The attack on him was quite deliberate.
2. Deliberate speech, thought, or movement is slow and careful :
>>He approached her with slow, deliberate steps.
* Deliberateness noun
* Deliberately adv
/ dɪ'preʃən /
1. A medical condition that makes you very unhappy and anxious and often prevents you from living a normal life :
>>women who suffer from post-natal depression (= that sometimes happens after the birth of a baby )
2. A feeling of sadness that makes you think there is no hope for the future :
>>Lucy’s mood was one of deep depression .
+ Sự suy yếu, suy nhược, chán nản
/ ɪn'ɡeɪdʒ /
1. To be doing or to become involved in an activity
>>Only 10% of American adults engage in regular exercise.
2. To attract someone’s attention and keep them interested
engage sb’s interest/attention
>>The toy didn’t engage her interest for long.
3. formal to employ someone to do a particular job
engage somebody to do something
>>Her father engaged a tutor to improve her maths.
engage somebody as something
>>We’d be able to engage local people as volunteers.
+ Tham gia, lôi kéo, thuyết phục, cam kết
/ ɪn'dʌstriəs /
- Someone who is industrious works hard SYN hard-working
* Industriously adverb
+ Cần cù, siêng năng
1. Relating to the ability to understand things and think intelligently → mental
intellectual development/ability/activity etc
>>a job that requires considerable intellectual effort
2. An intellectual person is well-educated and interested in serious ideas and subjects such as science, literature etc → academic :
>>Mark’s very intellectual.
* Intellectually adverb :
+ (Thuộc) Trí óc, trí tuệ,
/ 'mɪəli /
1. Used to emphasize how small or unimportant something or someone is SYN only :
>>He’s merely a boy – you can’t expect him to understand.
2. Used to emphasize that nothing more than what you say is involved SYN just :
>>We’re merely good friends.
+ Chỉ, đơn thuần
/ əʊ'bisɪti /
- When someone is very fat in a way that is unhealthy
+ Béo phì
/ 'ɒbviəs /
- Easy to notice or understand :
>>The obvious way of reducing pollution is to use cars less.
it is obvious (that)
>>It was obvious that Gina was lying.
>>It might be obvious to you, but it isn’t to me.
— obviousness noun [ uncountable ]
+ Rõ ràng, rành mạch dễ hiểu
/ əʊvə'welmɪŋ /
1. Having such a great effect on you that you feel confused and do not know how to react :
>>She found the city quite overwhelming when she first arrived.
2. Very large or greater, more important etc than any other :
>>There is overwhelming evidence that smoking damages your health.
* Overwhelmingly adverb :
* Overwhelm verb:
+ Tràn ngập, vượt trội, áp đảo
/ rɪ'dʒuvəneɪt /
1. To make something work much better or become much better again :
>>plans to rejuvenate the inner city areas
2. To make someone look or feel young and strong again :
>>I came back from holiday feeling rejuvenated.
* Rejuvenation noun:
+ (Làm) trẻ lại, khoẻ lại
/ rɪ'lʌktənt /
- Slow and unwilling OPP willing :
>>She gave a reluctant smile.
reluctant to do something
>>Maddox was reluctant to talk about it.
* Reluctantly adverb :
>>Reluctantly, he agreed.
+ Miễn cưỡng, bất đắc dĩ
1. To experience physical or mental pain :
>>At least he died suddenly and didn’t suffer.
Mary’s suffering from ill health at the moment.
+ Trải qua, chịu đựng