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Flashcards in Use of Leisure Time Deck (14):

Chunk [n]

/ tʃʌŋk /


- A large thick piece of something that does not have an even shape :  

>>ice chunks 

chunk of 

>>a chunk of bread 

+ Khoanh


Crucial [adj]


/ 'kru:ʃəl / 


- Something that is crucial is extremely important, because everything else depends on it  SYN  vital 

crucial to 

>>This aid money is crucial to the government’s economic policies. 

crucial in/to doing something 

>>The work of monks was crucial in spreading Christianity. 

* Crucially   adverb 


Deliberate [adj]


 / dɪ'lɪbərət /


1. Intended or planned  OPP  unintentional  SYN  intentional :  

>>The attack on him was quite deliberate. 

2. Deliberate speech, thought, or movement is slow and careful :  

>>He approached her with slow, deliberate steps. 

* Deliberateness   noun

* Deliberately   adv



Depression [n]


/ dɪ'preʃən /

1. A medical condition that makes you very unhappy and anxious and often prevents you from living a normal life :  

>>women who suffer from post-natal depression  (= that sometimes happens after the birth of a baby ) 

2. A feeling of sadness that makes you think there is no hope for the future :  

>>Lucy’s mood was one of  deep depression . 

+ Sự suy yếu, suy nhược, chán nản


Engage [v]


/ ɪn'ɡeɪdʒ /



1. To be doing or to become involved in an activity 

engage in/on/upon 

>>Only 10% of American adults engage in regular exercise. 

2. To attract someone’s attention and keep them interested 

engage sb’s interest/attention 

>>The toy didn’t engage her interest for long. 

3. formal to employ someone to do a particular job 

engage somebody to do something 

>>Her father engaged a tutor to improve her maths. 

engage somebody as something 

>>We’d be able to engage local people as volunteers. 

+ Tham gia, lôi kéo, thuyết phục, cam kết


Industrious [adj]


/ ɪn'dʌstriəs /

- Someone who is industrious works hard  SYN  hard-working ​

* Industriously   adverb

+ Cần cù, siêng năng


Intellectual [adj]


/ ɪntə'lektʃuəl/


1. Relating to the ability to understand things and think intelligently  →  mental 

intellectual development/ability/activity etc 

>>a job that requires considerable intellectual effort 

2. An intellectual person is well-educated and interested in serious ideas and subjects such as science, literature etc  →  academic :  

>>Mark’s very intellectual. 

* Intellectually   adverb :  

+ (Thuộc) Trí óc, trí tuệ, 



Merely [adv]


/ 'mɪəli /


1. Used to emphasize how small or unimportant something or someone is  SYN  only :  

>>He’s merely a boy – you can’t expect him to understand. 

2. Used to emphasize that nothing more than what you say is involved  SYN  just :  

>>We’re merely good friends. 

+ Chỉ, đơn thuần



Obesity [n]


/ əʊ'bisɪti /


- When someone is very fat in a way that is unhealthy

+ Béo phì 


Obvious [adj]


/ 'ɒbviəs /


- Easy to notice or understand :  

>>The obvious way of reducing pollution is to use cars less. 

it is obvious (that) 

>>It was obvious that Gina was lying. 

obvious to 

>>It might be obvious to you, but it isn’t to me. 

— obviousness   noun  [ uncountable ] 

+ Rõ ràng, rành mạch dễ hiểu


Overwhelming [adj]


/ əʊvə'welmɪŋ / 


1. Having such a great effect on you that you feel confused and do not know how to react :  

>>She found the city quite overwhelming when she first arrived. 

2. Very large or greater, more important etc than any other :  

>>There is overwhelming evidence that smoking damages your health. 

* Overwhelmingly   adverb :  

* Overwhelm    verb:

+ Tràn ngập, vượt trội, áp đảo



Rejuvenate [v]


/ rɪ'dʒuvəneɪt /


1. To make something work much better or become much better again :  

>>plans to rejuvenate the inner city areas 

2. To make someone look or feel young and strong again :  

>>I came back from holiday feeling rejuvenated. 

* Rejuvenation  noun:

+ (Làm) trẻ lại, khoẻ lại



Reluctant [adj]


/ rɪ'lʌktənt /



- Slow and unwilling  OPP  willing :  

>>She gave a reluctant smile. 

reluctant to do something 

>>Maddox was reluctant to talk about it. 

* Reluctantly   adverb :  

>>Reluctantly, he agreed.

+ Miễn cưỡng, bất đắc dĩ


Suffer [v]


/ 'sʌfə/


1. To experience physical or mental pain :  

>>At least he died suddenly and didn’t suffer. 

suffer from 

Mary’s suffering from ill health at the moment. 

+ Trải qua, chịu đựng