Final Exam - Notes: pages 13-19 Flashcards Preview

Microbiology 156 > Final Exam - Notes: pages 13-19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam - Notes: pages 13-19 Deck (90)
Loading flashcards...
1

Disease: _________: disease of the gastrointestinal system

Etiology: Vibrio cholerae

Cholera

2

Disease: Cholera: disease of the _________ system

Etiology: Vibrio cholerae

gastrointestinal

3

Disease: Cholera: disease of the gastrointestinal system

Etiology: _________ cholerae

Vibrio

4

-Disease: _________ -

produces enterotoxin called choleragen which causes the body to lose water and electrolytes

Cholera

5

-Disease: Cholera-

produces enterotoxin called _________ which causes the body to lose water and _________

-choleragen
-electrolytes

6

-Disease: Cholera-

toxin is heat _________ - (heat can _________ the toxin)

-labile
-inactivate

7

-Disease: _________ -

Reservoir:
Nonliving (saltwater, freshwater)
Some humans are carriers (enteric)

Cholera

8

-Disease: Cholera-

Reservoir:
_________ (saltwater, freshwater)
Some humans are _________ (enteric)

-Nonliving
-carriers

9

-Disease: _________ -

Mode of Transmission: fecal-oral
-foodborne; in America eating raw shellfish
-waterborne

Cholera

10

-Disease: Cholera-

Mode of Transmission: _________
-foodborne; in America eating raw shellfish
- _________

-fecal-oral
-waterborne

11

-Disease: _________ -

Prodromal: vomiting, cramps, diarrhea
Invasion: rice water stool

Cholera

12

-Disease: Cholera-

_________ : vomiting, cramps, diarrhea
Invasion: _________ water stool

-Prodromal
-rice

13

-Disease: _________ -

High mortality rate due to massive loss of fluid and electrolytes

Cholera

14

-Disease: _________ -

Treatment:
-I.V. fluid and electrolyte replacement reduces mortality
-Antibiotics

Cholera

15

-Disease: Cholera-

Treatment:
-I.V. fluid and _________ replacement reduces mortality
- _________

-electrolyte
-Antibiotics

16

-Disease: Cholera-

Prevention:
_________ food
Boil water
_________

-Cook
-Vaccine

17

-Disease: Cholera-

Miscellaneous:
There have been 7 _________ of this disease since the early 1800’s
Currently there is an epidemic in _________

-pandemics
-Haiti

18

Disease: _________ : Legionnaires’ disease

Etiology: Legionella pneumophila

Legionellosis

19

Disease: Legionellosis: _________’ disease

Etiology: Legionella pneumophila

Legionnaires

20

Disease: Legionellosis: Legionnaires’ disease

Etiology: Legionella _________

pneumophila

21

-Disease: Legionellosis-

Reservoir: _________

Nonliving: water

22

-Disease: _________ -

Reservoir:
Nonliving: water
-The microbe is avirulent in natural bodies of water
-The microbe becomes virulent in hot water

Legionellosis

23

-Disease: Legionellosis-

Reservoir:
Nonliving: water
-The microbe is _________ in natural bodies of water
-The microbe becomes _________ in hot water

-avirulent
-virulent

24

-Disease: _________ -

Mode of Transmission:
-Airborne aerosols from cooling towers, showers, faucets, hot tubs etc.
-No known human to human transmission--noncommunicable

Legionellosis

25

-Disease: Legionellosis-

Mode of Transmission:
-Airborne _________ from cooling towers, showers, faucets, hot tubs etc.
-No known human to human transmission-- _________

-aerosols
-noncommunicable

26

-Disease: Legionellosis-

Signs & Symptoms: Usually causes a _________ infection unless the person is compromised

subclinical

27

-Disease: Legionellosis-
_________ --Fever, chills, muscle aches, headache, fatigue, diarrhea—misdiagnosed as influenza

Prodromal

28

-Disease: Legionellosis-

_________ --renal failure chest x-rays often show pneumonia

Invasion

29

-Disease: Legionellosis-

Prodromal--Fever, _________, muscle aches, headache, fatigue, diarrhea—misdiagnosed as _________

-chills
-influenza

30

-Disease: Legionellosis-

Invasion-- _________ failure chest x-rays often show _________

-renal
-pneumonia