Lecture Exam 2 - Matching/Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture Exam 2 - Matching/Quiz Deck (47):
1

HSV-1 (Herpes Simplex Virus 1)

Cold Sore

2

HSV-2 (Herpes Simplex Virus 2)

Genital Herpes

3

Treponema pallidum

Syphilis

4

Listeria moncytogenes

Meningitis

5

Toxoplasma gondii

Encephalitis, blindness

6

Cytomegalovirus

Pneumonia, Retinitis

7

Rubella

German measles, rash, fever, 3 day measles

8

E. coli

Urinary Tract Infection

9

Epstein Barr Virus

Mononucleosis

10

Staphylococcus aureus

Surgical wound infection

11

Hanta virus

Hanta Pulmonary Syndrome, Sin Nombre Virus

12

Clostridium botulinum

Infant botulism, Floppy baby syndrome, SIDS

13

Helicobacter pylori

Ulcers

14

Varicella-Zoster Virus

Chickenpox

15

Herpes-Zoster Virus

Shingles

16

Neisseria gonorrheae

Gonorrhea, Ophthalmic neonatorum

17

Chlamydia trachomatis

Genital Chlamydia, Nongonococcal urethritis
Inclusion conjunctivitis, Trachoma, Swimming pool conjunctivitis

18

Down syndrome

Noninfectious syndrome

19

AIDS

Infectious syndrome

20

SIDS

Infectious if associated with babies given honey

21

Congenital Rubella syndrome

Cataracts, deafness, blindness, brain damage, miscarriage

22

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Unknown etiology, Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease

23

Herpes Keratitis

Herpes eye infection, blindness

24

Herpes encephalitis

Herpes brain infection

25

Rabies

Treatment is vaccination during the incubation period

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1. This disease must be treated during the incubation period to prevent mortality.
a. Rabies
b. AIDS
c. Genital Chlamydia
d. Gonorrhea
e. Syphilis

a. Rabies

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2. When Listeria is placed in the refrigerator its generation time will:
a. Stay the same
b. Increase
c. Decrease

c. Decrease

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3. The infectious dose for a certain strain of Salmonella is 100. The Salmonella strain has a generation time of 15 min at room temperature. Potato salad has been contaminated with 10 Salmonella. Bob consumes the potato salad after it was left at room temperature for 55 min (Optimal growth temperature). Based on the information given, will Bob develop Salmonella food poisoning? (Excluding other risk factors such as gender, age, weight, immune deficiency etc.)
a. Yes
b. No

b. No

29

4. An individual with genital herpes can transmit infection during these stages? (there is more than one answer; mark all appropriate letters)
a. Incubation
b. Prodromal
c. Invasion
d. Decline
e. Convalescence

a. Incubation
b. Prodromal
c. Invasion
d. Decline
e. Convalescence

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5. When a large number of infected people in a community go undiagnosed and underreported the actual number of cases is just a low estimate. This is known as:
a. Etiology
b. Case Reporting
c. Pathogenesis
d. Iceberg effect
e. Endemic incidence

d. Iceberg effect

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6. E. coli in the G.I. tract of adults is in:
a. Lag phase
b. Log phase
c. Stationary phase
d. Death phase

b. Log phase

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7. An official case is a:
a. Self-diagnosed disease condition
b. Infectious disease
c. Noninfectious disease
d. Physician diagnosed disease
e. The first person to acquire the disease

d. Physician diagnosed disease

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8. The earliest documented case of disease in an epidemiological study is:
a. Primary case
b. Incubation carrier
c. Epidemic point
d. Index case
e. Tip of the iceberg

d. Index case

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12. This microbe is found in tears, saliva, urine, feces, semen, and cervical secretion. Most Americans become infected during childhood, or once sexual activity begins. The microbe is:
a. Toxoplasma gondii
b. Rubella virus
c. Cytomegalovirus
d. Herpes Simplex Virus 1
e. Herpes Simplex Virus 2

c. Cytomegalovirus

35

13. The ideal time to treat most diseases is during this stage:
a. Incubation
b. Prodromal
c. Invasion
d. Decline
e. Convalescence

b. Prodromal

36

14. Name the 2 phases of growth that would occur in an open system, such a human intestinal tract. (mark 2 letters)
a. Lag
b. Log
c. Stationary
d. Death

a. Lag
b. Log

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15. During which stage of disease is the condition most likely to be diagnosed?
a. Incubation
b. Prodromal
c. Invasion
d. Decline
e. Convalescence

c. Invasion

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16. The latent period of disease cannot be distinguished from these 2 stages of disease: (mark 2 letters)
a. Incubation
b. Prodromal
c. Invasion
d. Decline
e. Convalescence

a. Incubation

e. Convalescence

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17. How many cases related to a common source generally are considered to constitute an outbreak?
a. 1
b. 2 or more
c. 5 or more
d. 100 or more
e. 1000 or more

b. 2 or more

40

18. Two of the factors that result in onset of the stationary phase are: (mark 2 letters)
a. Buildup of organic waste
b. Decrease in generation time
c. Decrease in Binary Fission
d. Lack of available nutrients

a. Buildup of organic waste

d. Lack of available nutrients

41

19. A 30 year old healthy man cleans out a cat box and becomes infected with an I.D. of Toxoplasma. The individual will have a __________ infection.
a. Clinical
b. Subclinical

b. Subclinical

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20. This disease can be transmitted vertically when it is in the latent period.
a. Toxoplasmosis
b. German measles
c. Genital Herpes
d. Syphilis
e. Cytomegalovirus

d. Syphilis

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21. A pregnant woman, in the 1st trimester, tests seronegative to Rubella. What should be done so Congenital Rubella Syndrome does not occur?
a. She should receive the MMR vaccine
b. She should be start antibiotic therapy
c. She should get a blood transfusion
d. She should avoid crowds (people)
e. Nothing has to be done since she has immunity to Rubella

d. She should avoid crowds (people)

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22. The leading cause of preventable blindness in the world is:
a. Ophthalmic neonatorum
b. Herpes keratitis
c. Retinitis
d. Trachoma
e. Inclusion conjunctivitis

d. Trachoma

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23. The rate of congenital syphilis is low in America because of:
a. Women are vaccinated against the disease is they test (+)
b. Prophylaxis
c. Women are treated with antibiotics if they test (+) for the infection
d. Condom use
e. Syphilis cannot be transmitted from mother--→fetus

c. Women are treated with antibiotics if they test (+) for the infection

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24. A person in this stage of syphilis will have multiple chancres and a skin rash:
a. Primary
b. Secondary
c. Tertiary
d. Latent

b. Secondary

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25. Which one of the following is a symptom?
a. Chest sounds
b. Nose bleed
c. Nausea
d. HIV (+)
e. Drop in blood pressure

c. Nausea