Final Exam - Notes: pages 20- Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam - Notes: pages 20- Deck (67)
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1

Disease: _________

Etiology: Salmonella typhi

Typhoid Fever

2

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Etiology: _________

Salmonella typhi

3

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Reservoir: _________

Human (Enteric)

4

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Reservoir: Human (Enteric)
- _________
- _________

-sick
-carriers

5

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Mode of Transmission:
- _________
- _________

-foodborne
-waterborne

6

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Signs & Symptoms:
headache, chills, fever,
-_________, generalized aches and _________, some abdominal pain
-constipation rather than diarrhea
-rose spots (rash)

-lethargy
-pains

7

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Signs & Symptoms:
-headache, chills, fever, lethargy, generalized aches and pains, some _________ pain
-_________ rather than diarrhea
-rose spots (_________)

-abdominal
-constipation
-rash

8

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Treatment:
- _________
-Without treatment _________ fever may last for weeks or months with a _________ rate

-antibiotics
-high
-mortality

9

Disease: Typhoid Fever

cholecystectomy (removal of _________) may be required for chronic _________ and has a 85% cure rate

-gal bladder
-carriers

10

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Prevention:
-“Boil it, _________ it, peel it, or _________ it” (follow endemic precautions)
- _________

-cook
-forget
-Vaccination

11

Disease: Typhoid Fever

_________ diagnosis requires having stool and/or blood tested for _________ typhi

-Positive
-Salmonella

12

Disease: Typhoid Fever

Legally a _________ can prevent a person diagnosed with typhoid from returning to work until that person’s stool sample tests _________ for Salmonella typhi

-physician
-negative

13

Disease: _________

Etiology: Staphylococcus aureus - Staph epidermis (normal flora)

Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

14

Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

Etiology: Staphylococcus _________ - Staph epidermis (normal flora)

aureus

15

Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

Etiology: Staphylococcus aureus - Staph _________ (normal flora)

epidermis

16

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Reservoir:

Human

17

-Disease: _________ -

Reservoir: Human
-Naturally found in the nose

Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

18

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Mode of Transmission: _________

Foodborne

19

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Mode of Transmission: Foodborne : gets into the food, by _________ , and/or contact with the food by _________

-sneezing
-carriers

20

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Mode of Transmission: Foodborne
Implicated foods are hams, cream pies, _________, and mayonnaise based salads
Food in _________

-custards
-buffets

21

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Mode of Transmission: Foodborne
_________ can not inactive it

Heat

22

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Signs & Symptoms:
_________, Vomiting, _________

-Nausea
-Diarrhea

23

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Treatment: _________

Fluids

24

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Prevention:
Staphylococcus aureus is a _________, so the food should be _________ to prevent an infectious dose of toxin from being produced

-mesophile
-refrigerated

25

-Disease: Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis-

Prevention: Keep food at the correct _________

temperature

26

_________ : Proteinaecous Infectious Particle

Prion

27

Prion: _________ Infectious _________

-Proteinaecous
-Particle

28

-Prion-

-Called the _________ protein which is found in the brain of all _________
When this protein takes an _________ shape it’s called a prion

-PrP
-animals
-abnormal

29

-Prion-

-Very long _________ period: 2-20 years

- _________ is damaged without fever or _________

-incubation
-CNS
-inflammation

30

-Prion-

-Brain becomes _________

-Prions resist inactivation by _________

-Resist inactivation by _________

-Spongiform
-radiation
-formaldehyde