Lecture Exam 1 - Matching/Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture Exam 1 - Matching/Quiz Deck (71):
1

Variola

Smallpox

2

Smallpox

Variola

3

Vaccinia

Cowpox

4

Cowpox

Vaccinia

5

Rubella

German measles

6

German measles

Rubella

7

Varicella Zoster

Chickenpox

8

Chickenpox

Varicella Zoster

9

Penicillium notatum

Penicillin

10

Penicillin

Penicillium notatum

11

Treponema pallidum

Syphilis

12

Syphilis

Treponema pallidum

13

Bacillus anthracis

Anthrax

14

Anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

15

Mycobacterium leprae

Hansen disease (leprosy)

16

Hansen disease (leprosy)

Mycobacterium leprae

17

Streptococcus pyogenes

Strep throat, necrotizing fasciitis

18

Strep throat, necrotizing fasciitis

Streptococcus pyogenes

19

Staphylococcus aureus

Surgical wound infections

20

Surgical wound infections

Staphylococcus aureus

21

Candida albicans

Thrush, candidiasis, grows best in neutral environment

22

Thrush, candidiasis, grows best in neutral environment

Candida albicans

23

Plasmodium

Malaria

24

Malaria

Plasmodium

25

E. coli

Vitamin K, produces bacteriocins

26

Vitamin K, produces bacteriocins

E. coli

27

Clostridium difficle

Pseudomembranous colitis; endospores; anaerobe

28

Pseudomembranous colitis; endospores; anaerobe

Clostridium difficle

29

Bifidobacterium

Found in GI tract of breast fed infants, uses oligopolysaccarides

30

Found in GI tract of breast fed infants, uses oligopolysaccarides

Bifidobacterium

31

HIV

AIDS; exception to every postulate

32

AIDS; exception to every postulate

HIV

33

Lactobacillus

Produces acid; acidophils, protects against candidiasis

34

Produces acid; acidophils, protects against candidiasis

Lactobacillus

35

Yersina pestis

Bubonic plague; BSL 3

36

Bubonic plague; BSL 3

Yersina pestis

37

Ebola

BSL 4

38

BSL 4

Ebola

39

Haemophilis influenza type b

Meningitis in children under 5

40

Meningitis in children under 5

Haemophilis influenza type b

41

Streptococcus pneumonia

Pneumonia; otitis media meningitis

42

Pneumonia; otitis media meningitis

Streptococcus pneumonia

43

HPV

Human Papilloma Virus; warts; cervical cancer, anal cancer; oral cancer; genital warts

44

Human Papilloma Virus; warts; cervical cancer, anal cancer; oral cancer; genital warts

HPV

45

Bacillus thuringiensis

Insect control; Bt toxin; biopesticide

46

Insect control; Bt toxin; biopesticide

Bacillus thuringiensis

47

E. coli protects people from pseudomembranous colitis by producing:

Acid
Bacteriocins
Vitamin K
Flagyl
Vancomycin

Bacteriocins

48

Which one of the following statements about Bifidobacterium is correct?

It is a pathogen that grows in the intestinal tract.
It grows best when a child is fed formula.
It causes nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
It’s growth is favored by a growth factor in breast milk
It is present during embryonic and fetal development.

It’s growth is favored by a growth factor in breast milk

49

Which one of the following does meet of all of Koch’s postulates?

Leprosy
AIDS
Pneumonia
Anthrax
Syphilis

Anthrax

50

Which one of the following processes can be used to sterilize a product?

Boiling water
Antibiotics
Pasteurization
UHT treatment
Chlorination

UHT treatment

51

Hansen’s disease is another name for:

Syphilis
Leprosy
Tuberculosis
Necrotizing fasciitis
Pseudomembranous colitis

Leprosy

52

Fecal replacement therapy is used as a last resort to treat this disease:

E. coli food poisoning
Candidiasis
Salmonella food poisoning
Smallpox
Pseudomembranous colitis

Pseudomembranous colitis

53

Lactobacillus produces ___________ that prevents Candida from growing.

Flagyl
Bacteriocins
Acid
Alcohol
Vancomycin

Acid

54

A species of Pseudomonas has been genetically engineered to use crude oil as food. When this organism is used in cleaning up an oil spill the process is known as:

Fermentation
Bioremediation
Single cell protein
Sterilization
Biopesticide

Bioremediation

55

This recombinant product is used to treat dwarfism.

Insulin
Growth hormone
Factor VIII
Bt toxin
Hepatitis B vaccine

Growth hormone

56

The time period in the life cycle of Clostridium difficle when it is easiest to completely destroy the microbe is:

When it is only found as an endospore
Right after germination
Right after sporulation
During binary fission

Right after germination

57

Which one of the following would be an example of a prebiotic?

Bacteria in Sauerkraut
Bacteria in Yogurt
Antibodies in breast milk
Oligopolysaccharides in breast milk
Antigens in breast milk

Oligopolysaccharides in breast milk

58

_________: Study of Candida albicans

Mycology

59

_________: Study of Helminthes

Parasitology

60

_________: Study of HIV

Virology

61

_________: Study of Seaweed

Phycology

62

_________: Study of Clostridium difficle

Bacteriology

63

A sporicidal agent must be used to disinfect areas contaminated with this microbe.

E. coli
Candida albicans
Streptococcus pyogenes
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Clostridium difficle

Clostridium difficle

64

This includes any process in which humans use the metabolism of living things to arrive at a desired product:

Genetic engineering
Epidemiology
Biotechnology
Immunology
Public Health Microbiology

Biotechnology

65

Vitamin K is given to newborns in America, because the babies:

Have high levels of E. coli in their G. I. tract
Have low levels of E. coli in the their G.I. tract
Don’t get the vitamin in their diet
Need it to kill E. coli
Don’t produce Factor VIII

Have low levels of E. coli in the their G.I. tract

66

Which factor will not influence the numbers of normal flora?

Age
Nutrition
Genetics
Gender
All the above will influence the numbers of normal flora

All the above will influence the numbers of normal flora

67

A person who is infected with a pathogen but doesn’t have signs/symptoms of disease is called a carrier. This person cannot transmit the pathogen to other people.

True
False

False

68

Nonpathogenic bacteria are classified as:

BSL-0
BSL-1
BSL-2
BSL-3
BSL-4

BSL-1

69

The theory is not accepted today:

Spontaneous generation
Biogenesis
Germ theory

Spontaneous generation

70

Which statement about pasteurized milk is correct?

It is free of microbes
It is exposed to mild temperature to kill nonpathogens
It is exposed to mild temperature to kill pathogens
It only spoils when the container is opened
It contains low levels of BSL-2 microbes

It is exposed to mild temperature to kill pathogens

71

Variations within a species is called a:

Kingdom
Domain
Genus
Species
Strain

Strain