Final Exam - Notes: pages 6-12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final Exam - Notes: pages 6-12 Deck (108)
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1

Disease: __________
Disease of the respiratory tract (Contagious disease)

Etiology: Rubeola virus

Measles

2

Disease: Measles
Disease of the __________ (__________ disease)

Etiology: Rubeola virus

-respiratory tract
-Contagious

3

Disease: Measles
Disease of the respiratory tract (Contagious disease)

Etiology: __________

Rubeola virus

4

-Disease: Measles-

Reservoir: __________

Human

5

-Disease: Measles-

Reservoir: Human:
-Found in the __________ of the nose and the __________
-This virus can survive on fomites for approximately 2 hours

-mucus
-throat

6

-Disease: Measles-

Reservoir: Human:
-Found in the mucus of the nose and the throat
-This virus can survive on __________ for approximately __ hours

-fomites
-2

7

-Disease: __________ -

Mode of Transmission:

-Direct contact
-Droplet
--Breathing
--Coughing
--Sneezing

Measles

8

-Disease: Measles-

Mode of Transmission:

- __________
- __________
--Breathing
--Coughing
--Sneezing

-Direct contact
-Droplet

9

-Disease: Measles-

Signs & Symptoms:
Prodromal:
- __________ -
--Fever
--__________
--Cough

-Common Cold
-Running nose

10

-Disease: Measles-

Signs & Symptoms:
__________ period:
-Tiny __________ spots with bluish-white centers found inside the mouth (Koplik’s spots)
-Red to Reddish brown rash (begins on the face and spreads downwards)
-High fever

-Invasion
-white

11

-Disease: Measles-

Signs & Symptoms:
Invasion period:
-Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers found inside the __________ (Koplik’s spots)
-Red to Reddish brown __________ (begins on the face and spreads downwards)
-High __________

-mouth
-rash
-fever

12

-Disease: Measles-

Invasion period:
- __________ infection
- pneumonia
- __________ (inflammation of the brain leading to convulsions--deafness, brain damage)

-ear
-encephalitis

13

-Disease: Measles-

Invasion period:
- ear infection
- pneumonia
- encephalitis (inflammation of the __________ leading to convulsions-- __________ , brain damage)

-brain
-deafness

14

-Disease: Measles-

When it transmits __________ it will cause miscarriage or cause __________ delivery

-vertically
-premature

15

-Disease: Measles-

Treatment:
- __________ reducing medication i.e. acetaminophen, ibuprofen
- __________ if there is a secondary infection such as an ear infection, pneumonia
-Vitamin A reduces the severity of the disease

-Fever
-Antibiotics

16

-Disease: Measles-

Treatment:
Fever reducing medication i.e. acetaminophen, ibuprofen
Antibiotics if there is a __________ infection such as an ear infection, pneumonia
Vitamin __ reduces the severity of the disease

-secondary
-A

17

-Disease: Measles-

Prevention: __________ (attenuated vaccine)

MMR vaccine

18

-Disease: __________ -

Prevention: MMR vaccine (__________ vaccine)

-Measles
-attenuated

19

-Disease: Measles-

Post exposure vaccination: given within __ hours of exposure

72

20

-Disease: __________ -

Serum immune globulin given to: (given within 6 days of exposure) - Artificial passive immunity
-Pregnant woman
-Infants
-Immunocompromised individuals

Measles

21

-Disease: Measles-

Serum immune __________ given to: (given within__ days of exposure) - Artificial passive immunity
-Pregnant woman
-Infants
-Immunocompromised individuals

-globulin
-6

22

-Disease: Measles-

Serum immune globulin given to: (given within 6 days of exposure) -
__________ passive immunity
-Pregnant woman
- __________
-Immunocompromised individuals

-Artificial
-Infants

23

Disease: __________ (part of TDaP)
- Disease of the upper respiratory tract

Etiology: Corynebacterium diphtheriae

Diphtheria

24

Disease: Diphtheria (part of __________)
- Disease of the upper __________

Etiology: Corynebacterium diphtheriae

-TDaP
-respiratory tract

25

Disease: Diphtheria (part of TDaP)
- Disease of the upper respiratory tract

Etiology: __________ diphtheriae

-Corynebacterium

26

-Disease: __________ -

Produces cytotoxin (cell toxin), which affects the 80S ribosome, resulting in the inhibition of protein synthesis and cell death. (stops protein manufacturing)

Diphtheria

27

-Disease: Diphtheria-

Produces __________ (cell toxin), which affects the 80S __________, resulting in the inhibition of protein synthesis and cell death. (stops protein manufacturing)

-cytotoxin
-ribosome

28

-Disease: Diphtheria-

Produces cytotoxin (cell toxin), which affects the 80S ribosome, resulting in the __________ of protein synthesis and cell death. (stops protein __________)

-inhibition
-manufacturing

29

-Disease: __________ -

Cells most likely to be affected are cells of the heart and kidneys.

Diphtheria

30

-Disease: Diphtheria-

Cells most likely to be affected are cells of the __________ and __________.

-heart
-kidneys