Focus on Disability Flashcards Preview

Human Disease > Focus on Disability > Flashcards

Flashcards in Focus on Disability Deck (19):
1

What is a disability?

A physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long term negative effect on your ability to do normal daily activities

2

How many disabled in UK?

11 million

3

How many born with impairments?

17%

4

What makes a person more likely to become disabled?

low income
unemployed
low education

5

What is the prevalence of hard of hearing?

1/7

6

What is the prevalence of sight problems?

1/30

7

What % of children are disabled?

7.3% (More boys than girls)

8

What % of disabled people in any education?

15%

9

What % of disabled people have no qualifications?

23%

10

What % of disabled and non disabled people of working age are in work?

50% disabled
80% non disabled

11

What is special care dentistry?

Improvement of oral health of the individuals and groups in society who have impairment / disability

12

Who is the expert for an individuals requirements?

The individual, whether disabled or not
Must respect that

13

How do we deal with deaf patients?

Remove mask to let them lip read
Large print
Guide dogs
Reduced background noise

14

How do we deal with visual impairments?

Lightly touch patient on shoulder
Say their name when speak to them
Ask them how they would prefer to get information
Reduce background noise

15

How do we deal with learning disabilities?

Training of carers and specialists
Usually poor access to OH
Downs syndrome - more likely to mouth breath
Cerebral Palsy - abrasion from acid reflux
Medicines often have syrup in - caries

16

What is autism?

Developmental disability that affects how a person communicates and relates to other people
Spectrum condition 1/1000
Social issues, cognitive delays and sensory issues

17

What is cerebral palsy?

Affects muscle control and movement
Permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood
Caused by injury to brain before during or after birth
1/400 in UK

18

How do we deal with Parkinson's Disease?

Facial expression and speech will be affected
Give plenty of time for communication

19

How do we deal with Dementia?

Note that they will have memory loss, muddled words and speech problems
Need focused care and encourage memory with photos and stories
Help decision making