Respiratory Medicine for Dental Students Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Respiratory Medicine for Dental Students Deck (25):
1

What are some clinical signs of respiratory problems?

RR
breathing sounds
cough
colour of mucous membranes
appearance of mouth and pharynx
finger clubbing
leg oedema

2

What is sinusitis?

Infection of the paranasal sinuses

3

What bacteria cause sinusitis?

H.influenzae
S. pneumoniae

4

What are the signs of sinusitis?

Frontal headache
Facial pain
Nasal discharge

5

What is the treatment for sinusitis?

antibiotics

6

What are the complications associated with sinusitis?

Cerebral abscess

7

What is Quinsy?

Peritonsillar abscess.
A complication of acute tonsillitis

8

What causes quinsy?

Streptococcus

9

What are the signs for quinsy?

Pus around the outside of the tonsil

10

What is trismus?

Motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve
Spasm of the masticatory muscles with difficulty in opening the mouth

11

What is the treatment for a peritonsillar abscess?

Penicillin
Drainage
Tonsillectomy

12

What is epiglottitis?

Acute inflammation in the supraglottic region of the oro - pharynx
Common in children 1 - 5 yrs

13

What causes epiglottitis?

H. influenzae
S. pneumoniae

14

What is the treatment for epiglottitis?

Secure airway
02
antibiotics

15

What is stridor?

A high pitched sound resulting from turbulent air flow in the upper airway
Inspiratory, expiratory or both

16

What is pneumonia?

Inflammation of the lung parenchyma, usually caused by infection
Acute illness
Cough, fever, pain

17

What organisms cause pneumonia?

S. pneumoniae
H. influenzae
Influenza A, B
S. aureus

18

How do you assess severity of a respiratory problem?

CURB 65
confusion
urea
RR over 30
BP high
65 yrs and over
Score = 0-1 - low risk, 2+ high risk

19

How do you treat pneumonia?

Antibiotics
02
fluids
analgesia

20

What are the complications associated with pneumonia?

resp failure
multiple organ failure
DVT/ PE
lung abscess
empyema
bronchiectasis

21

What is asthma?

Reversible, variable, inflammatory, hyperactive reaction

22

What are the symptoms of asthma?

wheeze
SOB
tight chest
cough
Tend to be worse at night, in cold, after exercise

23

What is COPD?

Irreversible inflammatory progressive airway obstruction

24

What are the symptoms of COPD?

SOB
cough
sputum
muscle wasting
weight loss
fatigue
resp failure

25

What are the signs of COPD?

pursed lips
high RR
cyanosis
barrel chest
use of accessory muscles to breath
ankle swelling