Diabetes Demonstration Flashcards Preview

Human Disease > Diabetes Demonstration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes Demonstration Deck (6)
1

What is the cause of type 2 diabetes?

Insulin resistance and diminshed insulin secretion

2

What effects insulin resistance?

Genes
Lifestyle

3

What is the normal beta cell function?

Insulin produced to reduce blood glucose levels

4

What is abnormal beta cell function?

Relative insulin deficiency so hyperglycaemia

5

What is the treatment for type 2 diabetes?

Insulin
GLP-1 analogues
SGLT2 inhibitors

6

What are the differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

T1 diagnosed in childhood, T2 diagnosed >30yrs
T1 not associated with excess weight, T2 is
T1 associated with increased ketones at diagnosis
T2 associated with increase BP and cholesterol at diag
T1 treat with insulin, T1 can be without medication