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Flashcards in Formatives** Deck (70):
1

what proportion of couples suffer from infertility

1/6 so approx 15%

2

what bony landmark is closely associated to the pudendal nerve and artery

spinous process of the sacrum

3

boundaries of the pelvic inlet

anterior - symphysis pubis
laterally by the iliopentineal lines
posteriorly by the sacral promitory

4

what are the boundaries of the pelvic outlet

anterior - pubic arch
laterally ischial tuberosities
posteriorly by the coccyx

5

female
multiple small painful ulcers
flu like illness
unable to urinate due to discomfort

herpes simplex

6

non sexually active woman
frothy brownish vaginal discharge
offensive smell

BV

7

what stage is embryo transfer most successful at

blastocysts

8

when does LH surge occur before ovulation

24-36 hours

9

changes in the endometrium in the luteal phase are a direct effect of what hormone

progesterone

10

couple with a 5 yr history of infertility treatment

IVF

11

couple with 2 year history of anovolutary infertility due to PCOS rx

clomifine citrate

12

indirect dx of a viable intrauterine preg not obv on scan HCG

doubles by 50% in 2-3 days

13

oligoasthenospermia

low count and low motility

14

teratoasthenospermia

low morality and abnormal forms

15

where does spermatogenesis occur in a testicle

seminiferous tubules

16

where is testerone secreted from in males

leydig cells

17

Rectouterine pouch of douglas can be drained via a needle passed through what

posterior fornix of the vagina

18

most lymph >75% from the breast initially drains to the

axially LNs

19

what can contribute to the development of HIV antiretroviral treatment

poor adherence to meds

20

which is the most effective method of EC

copper coil

21

how long is LNG licensed to be used after unprotected sex

72 hours

22

the coc increases the risk of which cancers
and protects against which cancers

breast, cervical
ovarian and endometrial

23

chlamydia treatment

azithromycin

24

when should COC be started

within 5 days after a period

25

retinits caused by CMV in advanced immunosuppression is a result of what

reactivated infection

26

most important risk factor for GBV

female sex

27

stage 4 of the figo staging system for cervical cancer

carcinoma involves pelvic side

28

what info isn't required when submitting an endometrial biopsy for examination

number of pregnancies

29

age range for cervical cancer screening

25-64

30

one of the main arteries that supplies the anterior abdominal wall

inferior epigastric

31

what does a suprapubic incision cut through

anterior rectus sheath

32

what effect does pregnancy have on the functional residual capacity

decreases it

33

what effect does pregnancy have on the contractility of the heart

increases it

34

does placenta praaevia lead to large for dates

no

35

what is the symphyseal - fundal height measured in

cm

36

what structure forms the vas deferans

mesonephric duct

37

when is the nuchal thickness measured in an US

11-14 weeks
11-13 (+6)

38

when is a pregnant uterus palpable in a singleton pregnancy

12 weeks

39

what is normal risk of someone having cystic fibrosis in a european descendent

1/25

40

what percentage of LGBT people say that they feel safe and supported by medical staff within the NHS in terms of their sexual orientation (same for trans)

57%
trans - 48%

41

what percentage of lesbian gay and bi people and trans people suffer from mental health issues

40% and 67% for trans

42

what is the dose of LNG that is given

one dose 1.5mg

43

what is COCP contraindicated in

women over 40 and with high BMI

44

what types of contraception are ruled out if a woman has fibroids

mirena and hysterescopic sterilisation

45

yellowish/green frothy with itching and soreness

trichomonas

46

warts genital

HPV

47

sore ulcerated lesions

genital herpes

48

creamy white discharge with redness

candidiasis

49

what can cause regret with sterilisation process

performed at the time of abortion or childbirth
<30
few or no children
not in a mutually faithful relationship or single
coercion by partner or medical personnel

50

failure rate of male sterilisation

1:2000

51

what fetal anomalies are associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

dysplastic kidneys
ventricular septal defect
micrognathia and smooth philtrum
microcephaly

52

pain from the uterus comes from which nerve fibres

visceral afferent fibres T11-L2

53

what can be used as a landmark to administer pudendal nerve block

anterior superior iliac spine

54

what is the ischia anal fosse filled with

fat

55

what does mirabegron not affect

the voiding phase

56

when are topical oestrogen's used

atrophy of vaginal mucosa

57

uterus contracts hardens and rises and gush of blood

placental seperation

58

beginning and end of the second stage of labour

full dilatation of the cervix
ends with complete delivery of the baby

59

how long does it take for tissues to return to normal state after birth

6 weeks

60

painless recurrent bleeds in third trimester

placental previa

61

what should be taken if the mum is on anti epileptic medication

5mg folic acid taken from before and up to 3 months conception which reduces the risk of spina bifida

62

volume of drug distribution is what during pregnancy

increased by changes in plasma volume and fat stored

63

sudden need to urinate and difficulty deferring and potentially associated incontinance

OAB

64

risk factors for pelvic girdle pain

increased BMI before preg
history of lower back and pelvic pain or pelvic trauma
hard physical job
PGP in previous pregnancy

65

why is ductus arteriosis necessary in a fetus

to oxygenate the fetal venous return during the right ventricle

66

what is the fluid in the fetal lung before birth made

made by fetal lung

67

how long should gestational correction continue for babies born before 32 weeks

until 12 months

68

what is screened for in a newborn baby

hypothyroidism
congenital dislocation of the hip
hearing loss
phenylketouria

69

how is coverage calculated

screwed population/eligble population X 100

70

newborn baby breathing quickly and feeding poorly

group B strep infection