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Flashcards in Sick term infant Deck (15):
1

sick baby causes

pregnancy/birth related
congenital anomalies
metabolic
infection

2

infection

antenatal
perinatal
post natal

bacterial, viral, fungal

3

sites of infection

blood stream - bacteraemia/septicaemia
CNS - meningitis
resp - pneumonia
GU - UTI
skin
bone
GI - NEC

4

bacteria infection organisms

group B strep
EColi
listeria myogenes
SA
staph epidermis

5

viral infections

CMG
parvovirus
herpes virus
enterovirus
toxoplasma gondii
HIV
syphilis

6

preg/birth related such as hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy
what is it
ix and action
prognosis

multi organ damage due to tissue hypoxia
poor apgar score - active resuscitation required
neurodevelopment sequili - prognosis variable

7

respiratory preg/birth issues

transient tachypnoea of the newborn
pneumothorax - spontaneous or secondary due to active resuscitation

8

cardiac preg/birth issues

heart failure - hydrops foetalis
failure to adopt to postnatal life - persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

9

congenital disease cardiac

tetralogy of fallot
translation of the great arteries
coarctation of the aorta
TAPVD
hypoplastic heart

10

congenital disease respiratory

teacher-oesophageal fistula
diaphragmatic hernia

11

other congenital anomalies neurological
renal
muscular

microcephaly, SB

potters syndrome

myotonic dystrophy

12

metabolic disease

hypoglycaemia
acidosis - inborn error of metabolism

13

newborn clinical assessment

history
inspection - tone, level of arousal, colour
vital signs - HR, RR

14

RR
HR
cap refill
sats

40-60/min
120-140/min
2-3 seconds
95%

15

initial management TACMA

Temp
Airway and breathing - oxygen?
circulation - fluids, inotropes
metabolic homeostasis - glucose management, acid base balance - correction?
antibiotics