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Flashcards in GI PHARM Deck (31)
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1

promethazine

phenothiazine

*antipsychotic and antiemetic

2

scopolamine

motion sickness

3

odansetron (zofran)

nausea from chemo

4

meclizine
diphenhydramine

anticholinergic
antihistamine
antiemetic

5

docusate

stool softener pulls more water in

6

laxatives

bisacodyl : 8 hours

7

5-amino-salicylates

sulfasalazine

mesalazine (mesalamine)

8

spasmolytic dicyclomine

antispasmotic

anti-cholinergic

9

hyoscyamine

anticholinergic

10

Pilocarpine

dry mouth from sjogrens or chemo

11

diarrhea

Bismuth subsalicylate
Cromolyn sodium
Diphenoxylate/atropine
Loperamide
Octreotide

12

GERD treatments

esomeprazole (PPI)

Ranitidine (H2 blocker)

13

Esophageal Varice Tx

Beta Blockers

to decrease risk of recurrent bleeding

14

Esophageal Eosinophilic Esophagitis TX

motelukast (leukotriene b4 inhibitor)
fluticasone spray
PPI for GERD like symptoms

15

Esophageal CARCINOMA tx

5-FU: fluorouracil chemo

and radiation
surgery

16

GASTRITIS tx

misoprostol
esomeprazole (PPI)

17

how do you treat Chronic HEP B?

Interferon A

18

What is the treatment for HBV HCV to block viral replication?

ADEFOVIR
nucleoside analogue

19

what medication is protective against gallstones?

STATINS

20

treatment for gall bladder carcinoma

5 FU: fluoracil chemo

21

treatment of diarrhea

LOPERAMIDE (anti motility) (immodium)

Bismuth subsalicylate ( Pepto- Bismol)

22

treatment of CHRONS DISEASE

-steroids (prednisone)
-antibiotics (metronidazole)
-antidiarrheal (loperamide)
-5 AMINO SALICYLATEs:
SULFASALAZINE analgesic:
MESALAZINE analgesic

23

what meds are not indicated in Ulcerative Colitis

Anti Diarrheal meds like loperamide

24

treatment of UC

corticosteroids to decrease inflammation

5 AMINO SALICYLATE
SULFASALAZINE analgesic:
MESALAZINE analgesic
(C/I) with aspirin sensitivity & sulfa drugs

25

IBS treatments

-DICYCLOMINE: antispasmodic-anticholinergic
-LOPERAMIDE- anti diarrheal if diarrhea is prominent
-laxatives and water in take if constipation present

26

treatment for Colorectal Carcinoma

5 FU chemo

27

treatment for anal fissures and cryptitis

DOCUSATE : stool softener

28

dicyclomine

abdominal pain associated with IBS
smooth muscle relaxant use d to relieve cramping

29

metoclopramide

anti-emetic, esp with chemotherapy

30

prochlorperazine

antiemetic
anxiolytic
interacts with st johns wart , angelica sinnesis