Haematology intro Flashcards Preview

AH extra cards > Haematology intro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Haematology intro Deck (20):
1

What day does haemopoiesis start, expand and disappear?

27, 35, 40

2

What is polycythaemia?

Raised RBCs

3

What is the most common WBC in adult blood?

Neutrophils

4

Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils are all types of?

Granulocytes

5

Eosinophils are raised in what 3 cases?

Parasitic infection
Allergies
Some drugs e.g. aspirin

6

2 roles of monocytes

APC
Phagocytosisi

7

Monocytes migrate to tissues and are identified as _____or____?

Macrophages or histiocytes

8

Kupffer cells in the liver and langerhans cells in the skin are types of?

Monocyte

9

NK cells innate or adaptive immune system?

Innate

10

Function of NK cells

Recognise non-self

11

Suffix for increased?

-cytosis or -philia

12

Platelets are derived from?

Megakaryocytes in BM

13

5 things tested in FBC

Hb conc
MCV
MCHb
WCC
Platelet count

14

What percentage of normal population falls within the reference range?

95%

15

What do RBCs look like in microcytic anaemia?

Pale and small

16

5 possible causes of microcytic hypochromic anaemia?

Fe deficiency
Thalassaemia
Chronic disease
Lead poisoning
Sideroblastic anaemia

17

6 possible causes of normocytic normochromic anaemia

Haemolytic
Chronic disease
Acute blood loss
Renal disease
Mixed deficiencies
BM failure

18

2 types macrocytic anaemia

Megaloblastic and non megaloblastic

19

Cause of megaloblastic macrocytic anaemia?

B12 or folate deficiency

20

Non-megaloblastic macrocytic anaemia causes? (4)

Alcohol
Liver disease
Myelodysplasia
Aplastic anaemia