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Flashcards in Hoover And Depression Deck (22):
0

What did the Republican government of Herbert Hoover believe in

Rugged individualism

1

What does rugged individualism mean

People should sort out their own problems

2

Did Hoover help the depression despite his policy of rugged individualism

Yes, Although a lot of people thought he did not try to improve the situation

3

In 1930 what did Hoover do in terms of taxes

Taxes were cut to increase people spending power

4

How much money did the government pump into the construction industry

4000 million dollars

5

Why did Hoover put in so much money into the construction industry

In a bid to create new jobs for the people

6

When did work begin on the Hoover Dam And where was the Hoover Dam built

Work started in 1931 on the Colorado river

7

When was there an emergency relief act

1932

8

What did the emergency relief act give (money and why)

$300 million to the states to help the unemployed

9

When did the reconstruction Finance Corporation provide loans

1932

10

How much were the loans provided by the reconstruction Finance Corporation and who did they give these loans to

1,500 million to businesses

11

When did Hoover pass the Smoot-Hawley Tariff act

June 1930

12

What was the smoot-hawley tariff act

It raised American tariffs to their highest level ever

13

What was the result of the smoot-Hawley tariff act

Supposed to protect the American industry, all it did was Trigger wave of retaliatory tariff increases which destroys US trade and deepened into depression

14

What was the phrase used in relation to how Americans blamed Hoover the depression

'In Hoover we trusted, now we are busted.'

15

What was Hoover leather and hoover blankets

Hoover leather-cardboard souls for shoes
hoover blankets-newspapers that people Slept in

16

What was a result of resentment turning into violence of the American people

Marches and demonstrations by the unemployed people often turn into violent riots

17

When was the new presidential election campaign

1932

18

What did Hoover offer as his election policy

I hope that the USA would soon turn the corner back towards prosperity

19

What did franklin D Roosevelt offer to his election campaign

A new deal for the American people. Roosevelt promised action to provide jobs + relief for the people and unemployed, to help industry and agriculture and to resolve the banking crisis

20

What did the American people want in terms of their approach to the depression

They wanted a positive approach

21

Because of the American attitude Who did they vote for in the 1932 election and by how much did this person win by in terms of states

And they voted for Roosevelt. Roosevelt won in 42 out of the 48 states-the biggest victory ever in an American presidential election