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Flashcards in Beginning Of Change Deck (54)
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When and who sat on a bus on way home from work in Montgomery Alabama, Who refuse to stand up to let white man sit on seat

December 1955 Rosa Parks

1

What happened to Rosa Parks when she refused to move

She was arrested

2

Who was Rosa Parks

A trained NAACP activist

3

Why did Rosa Parks take her stand

Because there were a number of incidents before of rudeness and discrimination against black on the Montgomery buses

4

Who did the black people of Montgomery choose as their leader

Martin Luther King

5

What did thousands of black people do with the Boycott

Blacks walked to work and take taxis given by African Americans which are offered seats for the cost of a bus fair

6

How many African American taxidrivers offered their seats

210

7

How long did the bus boycott last

381 days

8

What was also organised to get black people to work

A car pool of supporters of the Boycott

9

What did King and his supporters call themselves

The Montgomery improvement Association (M I A)

10

Who did the M I A employ to take the bus boycott case to the supreme Court

NAACP lawyers

11

What did the M I A want

Black drivers on black routes, and white busdrivers to be polite to black passengers

12

What did M I A deliberately sought to do

They deliberately sought only moderate reforms

13

What did the M I A not challenge

The idea of segregation
They asked only that sears on city buses be allocated on first come first serve basis
black people seats rear, white seats front

14

Here oppose the M I A's proposals

The local white citizens council

15

What was the result of the local white citizens councils opposition

Their membership doubled
Ordered local officials to harass of boycott leaders-King arrested for speeding

16

When was Martin Luther King home bombed by the KKK

January 1956

17

What was the boycott ruining

The bus company financially
Local businesses as they were losing custom

18

How much did local shopkeepers lose because of the Boycott

$1 million

19

What happened on 13 November

City chiefs claims carpool was in effect a taxi service operating without a proper license-got carpools stopped in courts

20

What happened on the same day that the car Pool was banned

The Supreme Court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional

21

What was the boycott and Rosa Parks and inspiration to

The civil rights movement

22

What did the boycott and Rosa Parks demonstrate

That when black Americans United, they could succeed, and that violent opposition only increased support

23

What did the success of the boycott increase

Black confidence

24

What was a result of black confidence when the KKK drove through black areas of town

Black came out and waved at them

25

Where were there copycat boycotts

Throughout the South

26

Why was the success of the Boycott Limited?

Everything else in Montgomery was still segregated
.

27

What was the overall result of the Boycott

Boycott revealed depth of racism and determination of whites

Rosa parks and husband lost their jobs
Received death threats and had to move Detroit

28

1957 which ruling had not resulted in any immediate changes in the schools

ThE Supreme Court brown v Topeka ruling

29

What did the Brown versus Topeka ruling not order

Segregated schools to be abolished-just said they were wrong