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Flashcards in Beginning Of Change Deck (54):
0

When and who sat on a bus on way home from work in Montgomery Alabama, Who refuse to stand up to let white man sit on seat

December 1955 Rosa Parks

1

What happened to Rosa Parks when she refused to move

She was arrested

2

Who was Rosa Parks

A trained NAACP activist

3

Why did Rosa Parks take her stand

Because there were a number of incidents before of rudeness and discrimination against black on the Montgomery buses

4

Who did the black people of Montgomery choose as their leader

Martin Luther King

5

What did thousands of black people do with the Boycott

Blacks walked to work and take taxis given by African Americans which are offered seats for the cost of a bus fair

6

How many African American taxidrivers offered their seats

210

7

How long did the bus boycott last

381 days

8

What was also organised to get black people to work

A car pool of supporters of the Boycott

9

What did King and his supporters call themselves

The Montgomery improvement Association (M I A)

10

Who did the M I A employ to take the bus boycott case to the supreme Court

NAACP lawyers

11

What did the M I A want

Black drivers on black routes, and white busdrivers to be polite to black passengers

12

What did M I A deliberately sought to do

They deliberately sought only moderate reforms

13

What did the M I A not challenge

The idea of segregation
They asked only that sears on city buses be allocated on first come first serve basis
black people seats rear, white seats front

14

Here oppose the M I A's proposals

The local white citizens council

15

What was the result of the local white citizens councils opposition

Their membership doubled
Ordered local officials to harass of boycott leaders-King arrested for speeding

16

When was Martin Luther King home bombed by the KKK

January 1956

17

What was the boycott ruining

The bus company financially
Local businesses as they were losing custom

18

How much did local shopkeepers lose because of the Boycott

$1 million

19

What happened on 13 November

City chiefs claims carpool was in effect a taxi service operating without a proper license-got carpools stopped in courts

20

What happened on the same day that the car Pool was banned

The Supreme Court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional

21

What was the boycott and Rosa Parks and inspiration to

The civil rights movement

22

What did the boycott and Rosa Parks demonstrate

That when black Americans United, they could succeed, and that violent opposition only increased support

23

What did the success of the boycott increase

Black confidence

24

What was a result of black confidence when the KKK drove through black areas of town

Black came out and waved at them

25

Where were there copycat boycotts

Throughout the South

26

Why was the success of the Boycott Limited?

Everything else in Montgomery was still segregated
.

27

What was the overall result of the Boycott

Boycott revealed depth of racism and determination of whites

Rosa parks and husband lost their jobs
Received death threats and had to move Detroit

28

1957 which ruling had not resulted in any immediate changes in the schools

ThE Supreme Court brown v Topeka ruling

29

What did the Brown versus Topeka ruling not order

Segregated schools to be abolished-just said they were wrong

30

How many segregated states ignored the ruling of b v t

Most of the 20 segregated states

31

What did the government not enforce

The states to end segregation

32

What happened when states did try to change

Some schools closed rather than desegregate
Mobs gathered to stop black children going to white schools

33

What happened on May 23 of September 1957

Nine black students attend central high school in little rock, Arkansas

34

How many people were in the mob which barred the nine students way

1000

35

What happened two days later after the mob. At Little Rock

Children went to school protected by 11,000 soldiers
Crowd shouted: two, four, six, eight; we aren't going to integrate.

36

What happened to the black students when they were in the school

They were assaulted and abused

37

What did the black students face back in the Black community

I know of those who said the meddling nine were making life harder for black people

38

Why was Little Rock a defeat for civil rights

A few other schools dared to desegregate and few black children wanted to face the danger.

Little rock was only fully desegregated in 1972

Only 3% of Americans black children attended desegregated schools in 1964

39

In 1964 how many percent of America's black children attended desegregating schools

3%

40

When was little rock fully disaggregated

1972

41

By 1960 what had the civil rights movement begun to do

They had begun to undermine the legal principles of segregation

42

When was the TV interview with Martin Luther King and what did he say

1967
MLK said that he believed that the 1950s had created 'a new negro', who had a willingness to stand up courageously for what he feels is just and what he feels he deserves on the basis of the laws of the land.

43

By 1960 what simple and basic civil right black still not have

The right to vote

44

What did Martin Luther Kings southern Christian leadership conference try to organise and what was the outcome

The registration of the 3 million new black voters in a 1957 act
only managed to add only 160,000 more names

45

What had the movement provoked

Angry and violent white backlash

46

What were white citizens councils doing in terms of the voting

They went through the same voters lists and found excuses to delete the names of black voters who already there

47

What kind of blacks were being fired

'Uppity' blacks

48

What did a number of southern states do

They outlawed the NAACP

49

How many black Americans lived below the poverty line in 1940

87%

50

How many black Americans lived below the poverty line in 1959

41%

51

What was the average black income in 1957 of that of a white worker

57% that of a white worker

52

How many black Americans were unemployed in 1957 compared to whites

11% which was double that of whites

53

By the end of the 50s was there change

Little or no change in the everyday experience of blacks, he was still segregated and discriminated against socially economically and politically