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Flashcards in Isolationism Deck (61)
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0

How many people moved to the ISA between 1850-1914

40 million people

1

In what time space did 40 million people move to the USA (date-date)

1850-1914

2

By the end of ww1 how many different nationalities made up the American society

A hundred different nationalities

3

What was the dark side of the roaring 20s? (Two words)

Intolerance

Racism

4

What were WASPS

White Anglo-Saxon Protestants

5

What way was politics leaning in the 20s? (Towards something)

Towards isolation

6

What was a result of the political leaning towards isolation

This led directly to attempts to restrict immigration

7

What type of people did people who were against immigration want to keep out in particular? (Two)

Asians and Eastern Europeans

8

What did Americans fear about immigrants (two things)

That they would take their jobs

That would might try to spread communist ideas

9

When was the Immigration Law passed

1917

10

What did the Immigration Law require the immigrants to do

They had to prove they could read English

11

When was the Emergency Quota Act

1921

12

What did the Emergency Quota Act do

Limited the number of immigrants to 357,000 per year

Number ims from one country could not exceed 3% of the number already living in the USA in 1910

13

How did the Emergency Quota Act keep out Eastern European countries

Bc there were fewer of them already living in the USA

14

When was the National Origins Act

1924

15

What did the National Origins Act do?

Reduced the quota (EQA) to 2% of population and set the date back to 1890

16

What happened in 1929 in terms of the reduction of immigrants (figure and a country that was blocked)

Number of immigrants each year - 150,000

Immigration from Asia blocked altogether

17

What was another effect of isolationism (think about attitude of immigrants)

Distrust and intolerance of immigrants

18

What jobs were immigrants restricted to

The lowest paid ones

19

What did areas of cities become to immigrants

Ghettos

20

What were the conditions in the ghettos like

Housing poor
Violence and crime high

21

Why were immigrants often despised

Because they were poor

22

Why did Americans fear communism especially after 1917

1917 was the Russian Revolution

23

What did Americans feel about the Russian Revolution and communism (think threat, two things)

Free lifestyle under threat
Capitalist economy that funded free lifestyle were under threat

24

When did fear of communism become widespread

Early 1920s

25

What was the idea that immigrants were communists called?

The Red Scare

26

When did fear intensify of red scare (bombing?)

Number of bombs were planted by Italian immigrants and anarchists

27

When was the Wall Street bombing

16th September 1920

28

What happened at the Wall Street bombing (details of where, and what happened)

Outside the stock exchange

Bomb on horse-drawn wagon was detonated

The bomb was on a timer

29

What did the bomb contain on wall st bombing

45kg dynamite surrounded by hundreds of small metal slugs