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Flashcards in Isolationism Deck (61):
0

How many people moved to the ISA between 1850-1914

40 million people

1

In what time space did 40 million people move to the USA (date-date)

1850-1914

2

By the end of ww1 how many different nationalities made up the American society

A hundred different nationalities

3

What was the dark side of the roaring 20s? (Two words)

Intolerance

Racism

4

What were WASPS

White Anglo-Saxon Protestants

5

What way was politics leaning in the 20s? (Towards something)

Towards isolation

6

What was a result of the political leaning towards isolation

This led directly to attempts to restrict immigration

7

What type of people did people who were against immigration want to keep out in particular? (Two)

Asians and Eastern Europeans

8

What did Americans fear about immigrants (two things)

That they would take their jobs

That would might try to spread communist ideas

9

When was the Immigration Law passed

1917

10

What did the Immigration Law require the immigrants to do

They had to prove they could read English

11

When was the Emergency Quota Act

1921

12

What did the Emergency Quota Act do

Limited the number of immigrants to 357,000 per year

Number ims from one country could not exceed 3% of the number already living in the USA in 1910

13

How did the Emergency Quota Act keep out Eastern European countries

Bc there were fewer of them already living in the USA

14

When was the National Origins Act

1924

15

What did the National Origins Act do?

Reduced the quota (EQA) to 2% of population and set the date back to 1890

16

What happened in 1929 in terms of the reduction of immigrants (figure and a country that was blocked)

Number of immigrants each year - 150,000

Immigration from Asia blocked altogether

17

What was another effect of isolationism (think about attitude of immigrants)

Distrust and intolerance of immigrants

18

What jobs were immigrants restricted to

The lowest paid ones

19

What did areas of cities become to immigrants

Ghettos

20

What were the conditions in the ghettos like

Housing poor
Violence and crime high

21

Why were immigrants often despised

Because they were poor

22

Why did Americans fear communism especially after 1917

1917 was the Russian Revolution

23

What did Americans feel about the Russian Revolution and communism (think threat, two things)

Free lifestyle under threat
Capitalist economy that funded free lifestyle were under threat

24

When did fear of communism become widespread

Early 1920s

25

What was the idea that immigrants were communists called?

The Red Scare

26

When did fear intensify of red scare (bombing?)

Number of bombs were planted by Italian immigrants and anarchists

27

When was the Wall Street bombing

16th September 1920

28

What happened at the Wall Street bombing (details of where, and what happened)

Outside the stock exchange

Bomb on horse-drawn wagon was detonated

The bomb was on a timer

29

What did the bomb contain on wall st bombing

45kg dynamite surrounded by hundreds of small metal slugs

30

What type of crowd did the bomb hit (type of day) and how many casualties and fatalities were there as a result of the bombing

The lunchtime crowd

400 injured
38 died

31

What did American newspapers call the bombing and who did they blame

'An act of war' and blames Italian anarchists

Although bombers never captured

32

Who was the Us attorney-general who dealt with the bombing

Alexander Palmer

33

What did Palmer order the forces to do in response to the bombings

To arrest 10,000 people suspected of holding left-wing political views

34

What were left wing political views

an outlook that supports social equality, often in opposition to social hierarchy and social inequality. Involves a concern for those in society who are 'disadvantaged' relative to others and an assumption that there are unjustified inequalities that need to be reduced or abolished

35

What were the arrests as a result of the Red Scare bombings called

Palmer Raids

36

What happened to those who were rounded up by Palmer who were discovered to be immigrants

They were deported without trial

37

What was the most famous case of injustice against immigrants

The Sacco and Venzetti case

38

What were the full names of Sacco and Venzetti

Nicola Sacco

Bartolomeo Vanzetti

39

What were Sacco and Venzetti (openly something)

Openly anarchists

40

What were Sacco and Venzetti charged of in 1920

The murder of two guards in an armed robbery

41

How many witnesses identified S and V as killers

61

42

What was a flaw in the witnesses statements

They could not agree on the details of the crime they all claimed they saw

43

How many in defence witnesses claimed they saw S and V somewhere else at the time of the robbery

107

44

Why did the large defence to the S and V case fail to bring justice

Because most of the defence witnesses were Italian Immigrants

So both men were guilty of murder

45

When were S and V executed

1917

46

Who were the Ku Klux Klan

a militant organisation of white supremacists

47

What did the KKK launch

A moral crusade to save the USA

48

What did the KKK stir up

Racial and religious hatred

49

Who would the KKK accept

Only those who were WASPS, people who originally came from north Europe and whose fams had lived in US for several generations

50

Who were not condemned as being true Americans (six)

Jews, Catholics, immigrants from S.Eu (Italians), E.Eu (Russians), Asia, and especially black people.

51

How many members did the KKK increase to between 1920 to 1925 ( number - number)

5000 - 5 million

52

Who were often the klans members

Poor whites who felt their jobs were threatened by people who were willing to work for lower wages - blacks and immigrants

53

Who else joined the klan (think higher up)

Rick and influential members

Incl. state politicians

54

Where was the klan strongest? (N E S W?)

Southern states where there was a large black population and a history of slavery

55

State 4 things klan members did

• ceremonies white robes
• Klonversations (secret code)
• torture and violence to those who weren't 'true Americans'
• attacked blacks

56

What did the KKK do to blacks specifically (5)

Beaten, raped, lynched, homes set on fire, property destroyed

57

What is lynching?

Hanging without trial

58

How were Klansmen who committed violence protected and by who

Police and judges who were klan members Protected them

59

What was an effect of KKK support in courts (think jury)

White juries became reluctant to find people guilty of klans activities

60

When did klan membership begin to fall and why

After 1925 when appalling crimes began to take place, which were widely reported