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Flashcards in Prosperity Deck (82):
0

When was the volstead act

1919

1

When did the USA enter the war

1917

2

How many Americans died in ww1

100,000

3

How did the USA do well from the war

Euro countries paid the USA to provide food, raw materials and weapons

4

Why did the USA adopt a mood of isolation (give three)

• war was a remote conflict
• had been fought thousands of miles away over issues that did not concern their country
• no more soldiers being killed trying to keep peace

5

What party did woodrow Wilson belong to?

The Democratic Party

6

Who were the democrats opponents and who was the leader of this party?

The republicans

Led by Henry Cabot Lodge

7

What did some American historians decide about the start of ww1 (think Germany and Britain)

Thought Germany had not started the war.

'German atrocities' had been cooked up by 'British propaganda'

8

Why were isolationist policies viewed as bad? (Think hitler)

They were responsible for allowing the rise of Hitler (weakened LoN)

9

What happened in 1920 America?

There was a period of economic prosperity

10

What was the increase of motor cars on American roads between 1920-29

9 million to 26 million

11

What was the increase of telephones from 20-29

13 million to 20 million

12

What did economic growth create?

A cycle of prosperity

13

Describe the 4 stages of the cycle of prosperity

1) increased demand for consumer goods
2) increased production
3) increased employment
4) more money available to spend on consumer goods

14

What industry was among the first to use assembly lines

The motor car industry

15

Who was the pioneer of the method of using assembly lines in the motor car industry and what was his big idea

Henry Ford

To make a motor car for the ordinary man and his family

16

What was fords assembly line motor car called, and what was its nick name?

The Model T

The Tin Lizzie

17

When was the first model T produced

1911

18

By the 1920s how long did it take to make a Model T

10 seconds

19

How much did the Model T cost in 1911 and how much in 1920

1911 - $850

1920 - $295

20

How did the car industry expand and help other industries grow?

Bc steel rubber glass leather and oil were all in greater demand bc of it.

The construction industry bc roads for new traffic

21

How did the American industry grow during ww1

USA sold food and weapons to Europe with no competition from euro countries

22

What new production techniques did the American industry develop?

• mass production = economies of scale
• assembly line = one specific task, quick and cheap
• time and motion studies = improved efficiency

23

How could people buy consumer goods more easily

By new credit facilities.

ESP. Hire purchase

24

What is hire purchase

This allowed a buyer to pay for something in instalments over a period of time

25

Why did advertisements help the boom

Bc they were everywhere, and encouraged people to 'keep up with the Joneses'

26

How did the introduction of mail ordering help the boom

It extended the market for consumer goods beyond towns and cities

27

How did Government Policy fuel the boom?

Republican gov encouraged the growth of business by a policy of non-interference in the economy. (Laissez-faire)

28

What does laissez-faire mean

'Leave things alone'

29

What else did the gov do in terms of taxes and what result did this have on the people

Lowered taxes on income and company profits.

- more money to spend consumer goods and invest in new factories and buildings

30

How did the government protect us industry and what was this called

By placing tariffs on foreign goods coming into the USA.

Called protectionism

31

What does protectionism mean

A policy of putting tariffs on imported goods, making those goods more expensive and encouraged to buy domestic (home soil) goods instead

32

How did stocks and shares for US businesses help the boom in USA

Ordinary people began to buy them

33

How much did share prices rise from 1921-29

500%

34

Before the First World War what did Americans believe in (think tariffs)

Low tariffs to encourage world trade bc they wanted to trade with the rest of the world

35

Why were higher tariffs introduced

• isolationist attitudes
• American business boom wanted to be continued
• American wages high, euro firms may pay lower wages so goods would be cheaper.
• overproduction of farming, no euro grain plz! Want prices to stay high

36

When did warren Harding pass the Emergency Tariff Act

May 1921

37

When was the Fordney-McCumber Tariff passed?

1922

38

What were the two main elements of the F-M tariff

• the scientific tariff

• the American Selling Price

39

What did the scientific tariff do?

Place higher tariffs on goods coming from countries with low wages

40

What did the American Selling Price do?

Adjusted tariffs so the selling price on imported goods was always higher than selling price of US goods

41

What was the average import duty after the F-M tariff

40%

42

How high was duty on some imported items after the F-M tariff?

400%

43

Who most prospered from high tariffs

Farmers and factories

44

How did high tariffs affect poor people

Made life more difficult as couldn't afford US products but could afford imported food before the tariffs were set In place

45

How did high tariffs affect American firms

Protected from foreign competition
---> inefficiency

Wage rises = expensive to produce goods

46

What did Joseph Fordney claim about tariffs?

Tariffs would protect American jobs - by requiring American citizens to buy more American goods, they would guarantee American jobs

47

What did other countries start doing in response to high tariffs in America and why was this bad?

They put high tariffs too

American businesses ESP agriculture sector relied on exports - high tariffs abroad would be disastrous

48

Where does economic prosperity come from

Trade

49

What was caused by blocking trade

High tariffs worldwide damaged the global economy and helped cause the Great Depression

50

Why was the entertainment industry so successful in general (think young Americans)

Young Americans in 1920s wanted to have fun. They had money in their pockets and the ent ind gave them great was to spend it

51

What genre of music came about in the 1920s and from where

Jazz developed from early African American musical forms

52

Give a name of a night club where jazz was played

New Yorks Cotton Club

53

Two of the most famous black musicians?

Duke Ellington

Louis Armstrong

54

What was a genre of music that was popular in the 20s

Blues

55

Name a black guitarist who played blues

W.C Handy

56

What is a phonograph

An early 1920s record player

57

From 1920 - 29 what was the increase in the number of homes with radios?

1920 - 60,000

1929 - 10 million

58

How did local and national radio stations make money

By advertising on their shows

59

What was the effect of radio advertisements

People hear about consumer goods on radio, and go and buy them.

--> American business boomed

60

By 1929 how many Americans were going to the movies each week?

110 million

61

What were silent films - what did you need for them to be effective (think music and words)

Words shown on screen

Cinemas employed piano players to provide background music

62

When was the first talkie and what was it called and who acted in it

1927

Al Jolson in The Jazz Singer

63

What was a talkie

A movie with a soundtrack

64

When were coloured films being produced

Mid 1930s

65

Where were most films made. Exactly.

Hollywood.
District of LA.
Pacific state of California

66

Give names of three leading movie companies in 1920s

United Artists
MGM
Paramount

67

How many films would a leading movie company make each year

Around 500

68

Give names of thee international film stars made by the movie industry

Charlie Chaplin
Gloria Swanson
Mary Pickford

69

When did Rudolph Valentino die and who was he

A movie heart-throb

Died 1926

Thousands fans attend funeral

70

What was a result of the traumatic events of ww1 effecting young people

They rejected convention and just wanted to have fun.

They rebelled social rules and purposefully controversial and decadent

71

Why was the roaring twenties called what it is

Because of the pace of social life in the twenties

72

Name one old fashioned dance and three dances that became popular in the 20s

Waltz

Charleston, tango, bunny hug

73

Why did jazz appeal to young Americans

Bc the music itself was wild and dramatic.

Also bc product of black Americans, jazz was therefore controversial and daring

74

Describe a flapper

Short bobbed hair
Flat chested and wore skirt to knee
Lipstick and rouge on face
Smoked cigarettes, drove Tin Lizzie
Openly lesbian

75

What did young men wear in the 20s

Pinstriped suits
Trilby hats
Spats on shoes

76

What were spats

A cloth cover for the ankle and instep on shoe

77

What did the Anti Flirt Association do?

Tried to control the excesses of the young

Distributed badges and organise speeches

78

Who was the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic and when was this

1927

Charles Lindbergh

79

Name two other famous personalities in the 20's

Boxer
Baseball player

Jack Dempsey

Babe Ruth

80

How many Tin Lizzies were driving out Henry Fords Detroit factory every minute?

Six

81

How many people bought a Model T between 1911-1929

15 million