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Flashcards in Prohibition Deck (44):
0

What was the 'era of prohib'

It was the time when the making, selling or transporting of alcoholic drink became illegal in the USA

1

Name two groups that had long campaigns to enforce prohib

Woman's Christian Temperance Union (1874)

Anti-Saloon League (1895)

2

What did the WCTU and A-SL claim

That alcohol brought poverty, broke up marriages, caused crime and insanity and disrupted industry

3

By 1917 how many American states had already banned alcohol

18 states

4

When did the prohibition ban become national

1919

5

Which Amendment made prohibition part of the US Constitution

The 18th Amendment

6

What is an amendment

In American politics, a change made to a part of the Constitution by the Government

7

When was the Volstead Act and what did it define

1919 - a separate law

Defined an alcoholic drink as any drink that was more than 0.5% alcohol

8

Was the alcohol ban popular?

No!!

9

What did most people think about the alcohol ban and what did they do

They saw nothing wrong with having a drink and thus found ways to get round the law

10

What was moonshine

A home made alcoholic drink, usually poor quality and often caused illness and even death

11

What did town dwellers do to get alcohol

They looked to other to provide the alcohol they wanted

12

What were speakeasies

Secret bars that were set up behind locked doors in cellars and back rooms

13

By 1930 how many speakeasies were there in the USA

Nearly 250,000

14

How many speakeasies were there in New York alone by 1930?

30,000

15

How did speakeasies get their alcohol and where did these people get the rum and whiskey from

From bootleggers who brought in rum from the West Indies and whiskey from Canada

16

Who persuaded legislators to ban alcohol

The moral right-wing

17

What was prohib driven by (two types of people)

Religious conservatives

Sociologists that saw the damage drink did to families

18

How were vast profits made during prohibition, and what did these profits attract

From the illegal alcohol trade

Attracted gangsters

19

Who was Al Capone

An Italian immigrant gangster who operated in Chicago

20

How many men were in Capone's gang and what were they armed with ( two types of guns)

700 men

Armed with sawn-off shot guns and machine-guns

21

What were Capone's gang like

A private army

22

What happened to Capone's gangs rivals

They were 'rubbed out' (killed)

23

Who else was in Al Capone's pay? (Three types of people)

Many of city's leading police officers
Judges
Politicians

24

Who did Capone mix with and what did he soon become?

He mixed with businessmen, politicians and movie stars

He became a celebrity

25

What did the gangsters run

Speakeasies and protection rackets

26

What were protection rackets

Schemes under which criminal organisations demand money from businesses to protect them from criminal action against them

27

What were gangsters involved in (two)

Prostitution and drug trafficking

28

What did gangsters but their way into? (Two)

Legal businesses and trade unions

29

Why did Gangland murders increase?

Bc rival gangs fought to take one another's 'territory'

30

How many gangsters were murdered in Chicago and for how many years?

227 killed in four years without anyone being convicted

31

When was the St Valentines day massacre

Feb 14th 1929

32

What happened at the st valentines day massacre?

Al Capone's men machine-gunned seven members of the gang run by Capone's rival 'Bugs' Moran

33

How many agents did the Prohibition Bureau employ

Only 4000 for the whole of the USA

34

Who achieved some success as an agent for prohibition?

Eliot Ness

35

Why were the agents unsuccessful

They were ineffective in the face of organised crime

36

How many agents were sacked for taking bribes? (Something in 10)

1 in 10

37

Why was it strange that prohib was not agreed by most Americans?

Because the temperance groups were so strong in enforcing their views and they got their way

38

What was the most important reason for the failure of prohibition?

The lack of popular support

39

What were Americans prepared to do to consume alcohol

Prepared to break the law

40

When did prohibition end?

December 1933

41

Which president repealed the 18th amendment

President Franklin D Roosevelt

42

What was a result of the 18th amendment appeal in terms of crime

Crime associated with prohib was gradually brought under control

43

What was the only crime that the FBI could hang on Al Capone and when was his prison sentence

Tax evasion

Sentenced in 1932