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Flashcards in Martin Luther King Deck (59):
0

In 1954 what was Martin Luther King

The young Baptist minister of a rich folks church in Montgomery Alabama

1

Who was Martin Luther King's vision inspiration from

The Indian Mahatma Ghandi

2

What did the Indian Mahatma Gandhi promote the example off

Nonviolent campaign of passive resistance
He did this against British rule in India in the 1940s

3

When did King first-come into public notice. And how

Came to public notice in 1955 when-as leader of Montgomery bus boycotts-house was bombed however he declared: we must meet violence with nonviolence.

4

What did Martin Luther King rise to be (Think civil rights movement)

D hero and figurehead of the civil rights movement

5

What had the NAACP achieved by the time kings starting his campaign

They achieved a number of legal successes

6

Who was the NAACP's leader

Thurgood Marshall

7

What did Thurgood Marshall remark after King's success in Montgomery bus boycott

'All that walking for nothing'

8

What was the difference between the boycott and NAACP in ending segregation

The boycott had not secured the end of segregation on Montgomery buses Whereas the NAACP had through the Supreme Court

9

Since when had the CORE been campaigning

Since the Second World War

10

When did king found the southern Christian leadership conference

1957

11

What was wrong with the SCLC

It is poorly organised
male, educated church ministers who ran it were pompous and quarrelsome

12

Which sit-in was the first

Greensboro sit-in in North Carolina

13

When was the first sit in

1960

14

Give details on the Greensboro sit-in

For college students go to local Woolworth store and sat down in white section of lunch counter

15

What happened on the first day of the Greensboro sit in

The students are simply ignored

16

How many students came to Woolworths on the following day and what happened on this day

30 students
Got into local newspaper

17

How many students went to Woolworths the day after they got into the local newspaper

66 black students

18

What happened after a week of escalating trouble with the sit ins

There was a bomb threat and the store was forced to close

19

What did the Greensboro protest result in

The protest immediately spawned copycat sit ins all over the south

20

How many students were involved in the copycat sit-ins

Perhaps 50,000 students in all

21

What happened to the protesters when they protested

They were humiliated and assaulted
Not all managed not to fight back

22

What did Greensboro's NAACP organisation manage to do (2 things)

They have managed to register large numbers of black voters

Had even got black counsellors elected

23

What was the result of black counsellors being a minority on the council in Greensboro

They could not reform segregation and their presence on the council simply made it look as though they supported the councils segregation policies

24

What did sit-ins become

A new tactic to civil rights

-They were direct action to challenge segregation

25

What was formed after the end of the sit-ins

The student non-violent coordinating committee or SNCC (snick)

26

Did king disapprove of the sit ins

Yes generally

27

When was king persuaded to join a sit-in And what happened

October 1960
-Arrested and sentenced to 4 months of hard labour

28

What had students chosen to highlight and why

Racial inequality because 1960 was a presidential election year

29

How had John F.Kennedy gain large numbers of black voters

He protested about the imprisonment of Martin Luther King
-won black support

30

When did James Farmer of CORE organise the Freedom rides

May 1961

31

What did young blacks try to do on the freedom rides

Trying to exercise their legal right to travel on segregated interstate buses

32

What were the freedom rides called (an act of something)

An act of calculated martyrdom

33

What does calculated martyrdom mean

The riders knew they would be attacked

34

What happened when the first bus reached Alabama

Tires slashed
Bus set on fire
Mob try to hold doors shut so passengers are burned alive

35

What happened when a second bus reached Birmingham Alabama

Please and KKK attacked riders with clubs and chains as they left the bus

White freedom riders were especially badly beaten by this mob

36

How many freedom rides were there altogether and how many people were involved in them

60 freedom rights involving 450 brave people

37

What happened to most riders

They were beaten and/or imprisoned

38

What did Freedom Riders also do when they waited for their connections

Break the rules in segregated restaurants and hotels

39

What type of students participated a lot in the rides which king supported

The SNCC students

40

What was the government request that the CORE, SNCC, and SCLC ignored

The government request to stop their freedom rides because they were causing civil unrest

41

Who was the Attorney General that enforced the Supreme Court decision that segregation was illegal on interstate travel

Robert Kennedy

43

When and which group of students began a campaign against desegregation in Albany, Georgia

SNCC 1961

44

What would the SNCC campaign include

Sit-ins and freedom rides

45

Who invited King to the campaign in Albany

Older civil right leaders in the city

46

Why were the SNCC annoyed at Martin Luther King at Albany

Because King led a March and met the city council

47

What was the police's tactic at Albany

Non-violence and simply arresting and fining

48

How many protesters did the police arrest and fine

1000

49

Instead of desegregating its amenities what did the council do?

The council close the parks, sold swimming pool and took all seats out of library

50

What happened after King left Albany

A black voter registration campaign was very successful
1962 city desegregated all facilities

51

When did King organise a votes-for-all March in Washington

1957

52

What was the votes-for-all March in support of

Eisenhowers civil rights bill

53

How many attended the march on Washington

20,000

54

What was Kings March in Washington against

The advice of other black leaders

55

After the March on Washington what happened

King and supporters used civil rights marchers to publicise the cause of civil rights

56

Who organised the first freedom March

Rev C.T. Vivian and Nashville Christian leadership conference

57

When was the first freedom march organised

1961

58

What was the Nashville Christian leadership conference

An affiliate of the SCLC

59

What was the result of the groups ignoring the government request

Attorney General Robert Kennedy enforced the Supreme Court decision that segregation on interstate travel was illegal