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Flashcards in Martin Luther King Deck (59)
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0

In 1954 what was Martin Luther King

The young Baptist minister of a rich folks church in Montgomery Alabama

1

Who was Martin Luther King's vision inspiration from

The Indian Mahatma Ghandi

2

What did the Indian Mahatma Gandhi promote the example off

Nonviolent campaign of passive resistance
He did this against British rule in India in the 1940s

3

When did King first-come into public notice. And how

Came to public notice in 1955 when-as leader of Montgomery bus boycotts-house was bombed however he declared: we must meet violence with nonviolence.

4

What did Martin Luther King rise to be (Think civil rights movement)

D hero and figurehead of the civil rights movement

5

What had the NAACP achieved by the time kings starting his campaign

They achieved a number of legal successes

6

Who was the NAACP's leader

Thurgood Marshall

7

What did Thurgood Marshall remark after King's success in Montgomery bus boycott

'All that walking for nothing'

8

What was the difference between the boycott and NAACP in ending segregation

The boycott had not secured the end of segregation on Montgomery buses Whereas the NAACP had through the Supreme Court

9

Since when had the CORE been campaigning

Since the Second World War

10

When did king found the southern Christian leadership conference

1957

11

What was wrong with the SCLC

It is poorly organised
male, educated church ministers who ran it were pompous and quarrelsome

12

Which sit-in was the first

Greensboro sit-in in North Carolina

13

When was the first sit in

1960

14

Give details on the Greensboro sit-in

For college students go to local Woolworth store and sat down in white section of lunch counter

15

What happened on the first day of the Greensboro sit in

The students are simply ignored

16

How many students came to Woolworths on the following day and what happened on this day

30 students
Got into local newspaper

17

How many students went to Woolworths the day after they got into the local newspaper

66 black students

18

What happened after a week of escalating trouble with the sit ins

There was a bomb threat and the store was forced to close

19

What did the Greensboro protest result in

The protest immediately spawned copycat sit ins all over the south

20

How many students were involved in the copycat sit-ins

Perhaps 50,000 students in all

21

What happened to the protesters when they protested

They were humiliated and assaulted
Not all managed not to fight back

22

What did Greensboro's NAACP organisation manage to do (2 things)

They have managed to register large numbers of black voters

Had even got black counsellors elected

23

What was the result of black counsellors being a minority on the council in Greensboro

They could not reform segregation and their presence on the council simply made it look as though they supported the councils segregation policies

24

What did sit-ins become

A new tactic to civil rights

-They were direct action to challenge segregation

25

What was formed after the end of the sit-ins

The student non-violent coordinating committee or SNCC (snick)

26

Did king disapprove of the sit ins

Yes generally

27

When was king persuaded to join a sit-in And what happened

October 1960
-Arrested and sentenced to 4 months of hard labour

28

What had students chosen to highlight and why

Racial inequality because 1960 was a presidential election year

29

How had John F.Kennedy gain large numbers of black voters

He protested about the imprisonment of Martin Luther King
-won black support