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Flashcards in Intro Deck (92):
1

Study of how the body and its parts work or function

Physiology

2

Characteristics of Life

Organization
Metabolism
Responsiveness
Growth
Development
Reproduction

3

Parts of an organism have specific relationship to each other

Organization

4

Ability to use energy to perform vital functions

Metabolism

5

Ability of an organism to sense changes and make the adjustments that help maintain its life

Responsiveness

6

An increase in size of all or part of the organism

Growth

7

Changes an organism undergoes through time, it begins with _______ and ends at _______-

Development
Fertilization
Death

8

Formation of new cells or new organisms

Reproduction

9

Toward the head or upper part

Superior/cranial/cephalad

10

Away from the head or lower part

Inferior/caudal

11

Front

Anterior/ventral

12

Back

Posterior/dorsal

13

Nearer to the midline

Medial

14

Farther from the midline

Lateral

15

Between two structures

Intermediate

16

On the same side of the body

Ipsilateral

17

Farther from point of attachment

Distal

18

On the surface

Superficial/external

19

Away from the surface

Deep/internal

20

Center/main part

Central

21

Stomach to lungs

Inferior

22

Breastbone to spine

Anterior

23

Nearer to the attachment of a limb

Proximal

25

Forehead to nose

Superior

26

Opposite side of the body

Contralateral

26

Extending from main part

Peripheral

28

Heart to liver

Superior

29

Navel to breastbone

Inferior

29

Sternum to heart

Anterior

30

Esophagus to trachea

Posterior

31

Heart to breastbone

Posterior

32

Ulna to radius

Medial

33

Arm to chest

Lateral

34

Lungs to heart

Lateral

35

Transverse colon to ascending and descending colon

Intermediateo

36

Armpit to shoulder and breastbone

Intermediate

37

Spleen to descending colon

Ipsilateral

38

Heart to arm

Medial

39

Sigmoid colon to appendix

Contralateral

40

Humerus to radius

Proximal

41

Elbow to wrist

Proximal

42

Phalanges to carpals

Distal

43

Skin to skeleton

Superficial

44

Knee to thigh

Distal

45

Ribs to lungs

Superficial

46

Brain

Central

47

Nerves

Peripheral

48

Nose

Nasal

49

Eye

Orbital

50

Mouth

Oral

51

Cheek

Buccal

52

Neck

Cervical

53

Breastbone

Sternal

54

Armpit

Axillary

55

Chest

Thoracic

56

Arm

Brachial

57

Front of elbow

Antecubital

58

Trunk

Abdominal

59

Navel

Umbilical

60

Wrist

Carpal

61

Fingers

Digital

62

Groin

Inguinal

63

Pubis

Pubic

64

Thigh

Femoral

65

Anterior surface of knee

Patellar

66

Pelvic floor

Perineal

67

Ankle

Tarsal

68

Base of skull

Occipital

69

Curve of shoulder

Deltoid

70

Shoulder blade

Scapular

71

Spinal column

Vertebral

72

Loin

Lumbar

73

Buttock

Gluteal

74

Hollow behind knee

Popliteal

75

Calf

Sural

76

Regions of abdomen

Epigastric
R & L hypochondriac
Umbilical
R & L lumbar
Hypogastric
R & L iliac/inguinal

77

Quadrants of the abdomen

R &L upper quadrant
R&L lower quadrant

78

Vertical plane that divides the body or organ into right and left sides

Sagittal/medial

79

R=L

Midsagittal

80

R =/= L

Parasagittal

81

Vertical plane that divides body into anterior and posterior portion

Coronal/frontal

82

Plane that divides body into superior and inferior portion

Transverse/horizontal/cross-section

83

Formed by cranial bones
Contain brain

Cranial cavity

84

Formed by vertebral column
Houses spinal cord

Spinal-vertebral cavity

85

Cavity surrounded by rib cage and separated from abdominal cavity bu diaphragm

Thoracic cavity

86

Bounded by abdominal muscles and contains stomach,intestines,liver,spleen,pancreas,kidneys

Abdominal cavity

87

Contains urinary bladder,part of large intestines, internal reproductive organs

Pelvic cavity

88

Link the trunk cavities and cover the organs of these cavities

Serous membranes

89

2 types pf serous membranes

Parietal membranes
Visceral membranes

90

Covers the body surface

Cutaneous membrane

91

Body cavities open to the exterior

Mucous membrane

92

The study of the structure and shape of the body and body parts and their relationship to one another

Anatomy