Midterm Quizzes Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Midterm Quizzes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Quizzes Deck (52):
1

Bone that forms posterior wall of pelvis

sacrum

2

Bone inferior to parietal bones

temporal

3

A cavity where the head of femur fits into the coxal bone

acetabulum

4

pelvic structure that allows blood vessels and sciatic nerve to pass from the pelvis posteriorly into the thigh

greater sciatic notch

5

cartilaginous joint that connects the pubic bone anteriorly

pubic symphysis

6

heel bone

calcaneus

7

suture between parietal bones

sagittal

8

ossicle of ear that connects to tympanic membrane

malleus

9

hanging bone

hyoid

10

fontanel that closes by 18 months

anterior fontanel

11

distal row of carpal bones

trapezium
trapezoid
capitate
hamate

12

[True or False]
Foramen magnum in parietal bone allows passage of spinal cord into the cranium

False

13

Floating ribs connect to T11 and T12 anteriorly

False

14

The medial bone of the arm is the ulna

False

15

Tibia is medial to fibula

True

16

Anterolateral or mastoid fontanel is an irregular shaped fontanel

False

17

The odontoid process or dens of atlas allows the movement of head forward and backward like expressing yes or affirmation

False

18

protein that covers the attachment point of actin to myosin head

tropomyosin

19

coarser fibrous membrane that covers bundles of fibers called fascicles

perimysium

20

binding site of calcium in actin

troponin

21

contractile unit of the muscle

sarcomere

22

other term of neuromuscular junctions

sarcomere

23

the ability of muscle to shorten with force

contractility

24

cation that is abundant in synaptic cleft

sodium

25

known as the "head" of the muscle

origin

26

enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine

acetylcholinesterase

27

characterize smooth muscle tissue

unstriated
involuntary
uninucleated

28

[true or false] waving a flaglet with one hand is an example of an isotonic contraction of the muscles of the hand

true

29

when the muscle is relaxed, the H zone disappears

false

30

the I band spans the actin only and within it is the M line

false

31

After depolarization of the muscle membrane, acetylcholine is broken down in to acetic acid and choline where acetic acid is used for re-synthesis of acetylcholine

false

32

two cisternae of the transverse tubules and one sarcoplasmic reticulum constitute a triad

false

33

sarcoplasm contains myofibrils

true

34

sodium ions trigger the release of acetylcholine from the synaptic vesicles through exocytosis

false

35

skeletal and cardiac muscles are both striated and uninucleated

false

36

its function is to coordinate fine movements

cerebellum

37

involved in emotional and visceral response to odors

epithalamus

38

canal that connects third ventricle and fourth ventricle

cerebral aqueduct/ aqueduct of sylvius

39

it controls pupil diameter and lens shape

midbrain

40

sensory speech area

Wernicke's area

41

it allows the two hemispheres of the brain to communicate with each other

corpus callosum

42

cranial nerve the innervates muscle of mastication

trigeminal

43

regulates body temperature

hypothalamus

44

cranial nerve responsible for tongue movement

hypoglossal

45

neurotransmitter used by sympathetic nerve fibers

epinephrine

46

cranial nerves responsible for eye movements

oculomotor
trochlear
abducens

47

organs stimulated by oxytocin

uterus
mammary glands

48

[parasympathetic or sympathetic]

increased salivation

parasympathetic

49

increased heart rate

sympathetic

50

urinary bladder walls relax

sympathetic

51

pupil dilation

sympathetic

52

increased gastric motility

parasympathetic